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Couching for cataract in China.
Surv Ophthalmol. 2010 Jul-Aug; 55(4):393-8.SO

Abstract

Couching for cataract is one of the most ancient surgical procedures. Maharshi Sushruta, an ancient Indian surgeon, first described the procedure around 600 BCE in Sushruta Samhita. The procedure, also known as jin pi shu in Mandarin, was introduced to China via the Silk Road during the late West Han Dynasty (206 BCE-9 CE), and it spread throughout China during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE). As the procedure was combined with the Chinese concept of acupuncture, jin pi shu was integrated into Chinese medical practice until the founding of the Republic of China in 1911. The government of the Republic of China considered jin pi shu to be unscientific. In 1949, the Communists established the People's Republic of China. Jin pi shu was revitalized by Chairman Mao Zedong (1893-1976), who thought that traditional Chinese medicine, including jin pi shu, was a great treasure. After his death and the opening of China to the external world, many Chinese ophthalmologists pointed out that jin pi shu had relatively high complications and a low success rate, compared to various modern techniques for cataract surgery. This procedure is gradually fading away in China. The use of jin pi shu reflects the history, culture, and political transformation of China.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Section of Immunopathology, Laboratory of Immunology, National Eye Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland 20892-1857, USA. chanc@nei.nih.gov

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20451942

Citation

Chan, Chi-Chao. "Couching for Cataract in China." Survey of Ophthalmology, vol. 55, no. 4, 2010, pp. 393-8.
Chan CC. Couching for cataract in China. Surv Ophthalmol. 2010;55(4):393-8.
Chan, C. C. (2010). Couching for cataract in China. Survey of Ophthalmology, 55(4), 393-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.survophthal.2010.02.001
Chan CC. Couching for Cataract in China. Surv Ophthalmol. 2010 Jul-Aug;55(4):393-8. PubMed PMID: 20451942.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Couching for cataract in China. A1 - Chan,Chi-Chao, Y1 - 2010/05/08/ PY - 2009/11/05/received PY - 2010/02/09/revised PY - 2010/02/10/accepted PY - 2010/5/11/entrez PY - 2010/5/11/pubmed PY - 2010/9/25/medline SP - 393 EP - 8 JF - Survey of ophthalmology JO - Surv Ophthalmol VL - 55 IS - 4 N2 - Couching for cataract is one of the most ancient surgical procedures. Maharshi Sushruta, an ancient Indian surgeon, first described the procedure around 600 BCE in Sushruta Samhita. The procedure, also known as jin pi shu in Mandarin, was introduced to China via the Silk Road during the late West Han Dynasty (206 BCE-9 CE), and it spread throughout China during the Tang Dynasty (618-907 CE). As the procedure was combined with the Chinese concept of acupuncture, jin pi shu was integrated into Chinese medical practice until the founding of the Republic of China in 1911. The government of the Republic of China considered jin pi shu to be unscientific. In 1949, the Communists established the People's Republic of China. Jin pi shu was revitalized by Chairman Mao Zedong (1893-1976), who thought that traditional Chinese medicine, including jin pi shu, was a great treasure. After his death and the opening of China to the external world, many Chinese ophthalmologists pointed out that jin pi shu had relatively high complications and a low success rate, compared to various modern techniques for cataract surgery. This procedure is gradually fading away in China. The use of jin pi shu reflects the history, culture, and political transformation of China. SN - 1879-3304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20451942/Couching_for_cataract_in_China_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0039-6257(10)00038-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -