Predictors of malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas.J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010 Oct; 44(9):e224-9.JC
The predictors of malignant intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) and invasive IPMN were investigated in this study to determine the optimal indicators of surgical resection for IPMN.
Recently, international consensus guidelines have described the standard indicators of resection for IPMN. However, the indicators of surgical resection for IPMN, especially for branch duct IPMN, still remain controversial.
Eighty-two patients with IPMN who underwent surgical resection during April 1998 to January 2009, were retrospectively reviewed and examined with regard to their preoperative factors and pathologic diagnosis.
Multivariate analysis showed that main duct IPMN (P<0.01) and earlier diabetes (P=0.03) were independent predictors of malignant IPMN. In branch duct IPMN, the diameter of the main pancreatic duct (MPD) was found to be significantly associated with malignancy by univariate analysis (P=0.034). An elevated serum CA19-9 level (P<0.01) was an independent predictor of invasive IPMN.
Our observations suggest that main duct IPMN, branch duct IPMN with MPD dilatation, and IPMN with an elevated serum CA19-9 level should be considered as indications for surgical resection.