Inositol hexaphosphate-loaded red blood cells prevent in vitro sickling.Transfusion. 2010 Oct; 50(10):2176-84.T
Hypoxia is a major cause of painful vaso-occlusive crisis in sickle cell disease (SCD). Simple transfusion and red blood cell (RBC) exchange are commonly used as preventive therapies whose aim is to dilute hemoglobin (Hb)S-containing RBCs (SS-RBCs) with normal RBCs (AA-RBCs) to prevent sickling. We hypothesized that the effectiveness of transfusion could be improved by the encapsulation of inositol hexaphosphate (IHP), an allosteric Hb effector, in transfused AA-RBCs. Indeed, apart from their diluting effect on SS-RBCs, IHP-loaded RBCs (IHP-RBCs) with increased oxygen release capacity could palliate in vivo oxygen deprivation and reduce sickling.
STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS
The study was designed to investigate the therapeutic effect of IHP-RBCs transfusion on in vitro sickling of SS-RBCs collected from 20 SCD patients. Patients' RBCs were diluted with various proportions of IHP-RBCs or AA-RBCs (processed or stored RBCs as controls). Resulting suspensions were subjected to deoxygenation followed by partial reoxygenation at 5% oxygen. Sickling was evaluated by microscopy.
Stored RBCs (50% dose) used to mimic simple transfusion exhibited a poor antisickling effect (5.6%) and a low response rate (65%). In contrast, IHP-RBCs treatment was seven times more effective resulting in 35% of sickling reduction and a 94% response rate. Sickling was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner: 9.9, 25.1, and 35.0% for IHP-RBCs in percentages of 10, 30, and 50%, respectively.
Our results indicate that IHP-RBCs prevent in vitro sickling and suggest that it could improve conventional transfusion therapy in terms of transfused volume, frequency, and efficacy.