[Analysis of Chinese medicine syndrome types in 156 patients undergoing maintenance peritoneal dialysis].Zhongguo Zhong Xi Yi Jie He Za Zhi. 2010 Feb; 30(2):146-9.ZZ
To analyze the Chinese medicine syndrome types of patients undergoing maintenance peritoneal dialysis to provide some clinical reference for the treatment based on syndromes.
According to the criterion made by the Nephropathy Branch of China Association of Chinese Medicine in 2006, the syndrome type of 156 patients were differentiated, and the related laboratory parameters, including serum albumin (ALB), C-reactive protein (CRP), hemoglobin (HB), total urea clearance rate (KT/Vt), residual kidney urea clearance (KT/Vr), blood flow mediated vascular endothelial dilatation (FMD) and volume overload (OH) were measured.
Syndrome type presented in patients was different. Along with the progress of dialysis, it changed in the root syndromes from qi-deficiency to yang-deficiency and further to both yin-yang deficiency, while in the superficial syndromes it turned from turbid-damp to blood-stasis. ALB in patients with Pi-shen yang-deficiency type and both yin-yang deficiency type was significantly lower than that in patients with Pi-Shen qi-deficiency type and both qi-yin deficiency type (P < 0.05); KT/Vt in both yin-yang deficiency type was the lowest, significantly lower than that in Gan-Shen yin-deficiency type and both qi-yin deficiency (P < 0.05); OH in Pi-Shen yang-deficiency type and both yin-yang deficiency type was significantly higher than that in other types (P < 0.01). Comparison of patients' age showed that group of patients without superficial syndrome was the youngest and the group of patients with damp-heat syndrome type was the oldest (P < 0.01). CRP in damp-heat type was significantly higher than that in other types (P < 0.05); FMD was lower in blood-stasis type than in turbid-damp type and toxic heat type (P < 0.01); and OH was significantly higher in turbid-damp type than in other types (P < 0.01).
Some rules of syndrome type distribution could be seen in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis, which is related with some laboratory parameters to a certain extent, so may provide a few references for clinical treatment based on syndrome type.