Efficient inhibition of human B-cell lymphoma in SCID mice by synergistic antitumor effect of human 4-1BB ligand/anti-CD20 fusion proteins and anti-CD3/anti-CD20 diabodies.J Immunother. 2010 Jun; 33(5):500-9.JI
Here we constructed and produced a recombinant human 4-1BB ligand (4-1BBL)/anti-CD20 fusion protein and examined its antitumor activity, alone and in combination with an anti-CD3/anti-CD20 bispecific diabody. The 4-1BBL/anti-CD20 fusion protein retained both the costimulatory activity of 4-1BBL on T cells and the tumor targeting ability of CD20 antibody on B cells. The fusion protein bound as efficiently to 4-1BB- and CD20-positive cells as its respective parental antibodies, and was capable of cross-linking human T lymphocytes and CD20-positive tumor cells. Combination treatment with 4-1BBL/anti-CD20 fusion protein and anti-CD3/anti-CD20 diabody led to significantly increased T-cell cytotoxicity to human B-lymphoma cells in vitro and drastically more potent tumor inhibitory activity in vivo in xenografted B-cell lymphoma in severe combined immunodeficiency disease mice. Mechanistic studies revealed that the combination treatment remarkably inhibited apoptosis of human peripheral blood lymphocytes, accompanied by upregulation of Bcl-XL and Bf1-1, perforin and granzyme B mRNA, and increased interleukin-2 production. Taken together, these results suggest that targeted delivery of 4-1BBL to the tumor site, when combined with anti-CD3/anti-CD20 diabody, could strongly potentiate the antitumor activity of the diabody, thus may have significant clinical application in the treatment of human CD20-positive B-cell malignancies.