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Changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents after the introduction of the alcopops tax in Germany.

Abstract

AIMS

The aim of this study is to assess the contribution of the alcopops tax to changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents in Germany. We hypothesize that the decrease of alcohol intake by alcopops is substituted by an increase of alcohol intake by other alcoholic beverages.

DESIGN

Data came from the German 2003 (n = 10 551) and 2007 (n = 10 598) cross-sectional study of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD).

PARTICIPANTS

A propensity score-matched subsample of 9(th) and 10(th) graders (n = 4694) was used for the analyses.

MEASUREMENT

Alcohol consumption within the last 7 days was assessed by a beverage-specific quantity-frequency index. An individual's beverage preference was assigned for the beverage that had the highest share in total alcohol consumption. Multiple regression analyses were used to assess changes in alcohol consumption; changes in beverage preference were tested using multinomial logistic regression.

FINDINGS

While alcopop consumption declined after the alcopops tax was implemented, consumption of spirits increased. Changes in beverage preference revealed a decrease in alcopop preference and an increase in the preference for beer and spirits.

CONCLUSIONS

Results indicate a partial substitution of alcopops by spirits and a switch in preference to beverages associated with riskier drinking patterns. Effective alcohol policies to prevent alcohol-related problems should focus upon the reduction of total alcohol consumption instead of regulating singular beverages.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    IFT Institut für Therapieforschung, D - 80804 Munich, Germany. mueller@ift.de

    , , ,

    Source

    Addiction (Abingdon, England) 105:7 2010 Jul pg 1205-13

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Alcohol Drinking
    Alcohol-Related Disorders
    Alcoholic Beverages
    Child
    Choice Behavior
    Cross-Sectional Studies
    Female
    Germany
    Humans
    Male
    Sex Factors
    Taxes

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20491726

    Citation

    Müller, Stefanie, et al. "Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Beverage Preference Among Adolescents After the Introduction of the Alcopops Tax in Germany." Addiction (Abingdon, England), vol. 105, no. 7, 2010, pp. 1205-13.
    Müller S, Piontek D, Pabst A, et al. Changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents after the introduction of the alcopops tax in Germany. Addiction. 2010;105(7):1205-13.
    Müller, S., Piontek, D., Pabst, A., Baumeister, S. E., & Kraus, L. (2010). Changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents after the introduction of the alcopops tax in Germany. Addiction (Abingdon, England), 105(7), pp. 1205-13. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02956.x.
    Müller S, et al. Changes in Alcohol Consumption and Beverage Preference Among Adolescents After the Introduction of the Alcopops Tax in Germany. Addiction. 2010;105(7):1205-13. PubMed PMID: 20491726.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents after the introduction of the alcopops tax in Germany. AU - Müller,Stefanie, AU - Piontek,Daniela, AU - Pabst,Alexander, AU - Baumeister,Sebastian E, AU - Kraus,Ludwig, Y1 - 2010/05/14/ PY - 2010/5/25/entrez PY - 2010/5/25/pubmed PY - 2011/2/24/medline SP - 1205 EP - 13 JF - Addiction (Abingdon, England) JO - Addiction VL - 105 IS - 7 N2 - AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess the contribution of the alcopops tax to changes in alcohol consumption and beverage preference among adolescents in Germany. We hypothesize that the decrease of alcohol intake by alcopops is substituted by an increase of alcohol intake by other alcoholic beverages. DESIGN: Data came from the German 2003 (n = 10 551) and 2007 (n = 10 598) cross-sectional study of the European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs (ESPAD). PARTICIPANTS: A propensity score-matched subsample of 9(th) and 10(th) graders (n = 4694) was used for the analyses. MEASUREMENT: Alcohol consumption within the last 7 days was assessed by a beverage-specific quantity-frequency index. An individual's beverage preference was assigned for the beverage that had the highest share in total alcohol consumption. Multiple regression analyses were used to assess changes in alcohol consumption; changes in beverage preference were tested using multinomial logistic regression. FINDINGS: While alcopop consumption declined after the alcopops tax was implemented, consumption of spirits increased. Changes in beverage preference revealed a decrease in alcopop preference and an increase in the preference for beer and spirits. CONCLUSIONS: Results indicate a partial substitution of alcopops by spirits and a switch in preference to beverages associated with riskier drinking patterns. Effective alcohol policies to prevent alcohol-related problems should focus upon the reduction of total alcohol consumption instead of regulating singular beverages. SN - 1360-0443 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20491726/Changes_in_alcohol_consumption_and_beverage_preference_among_adolescents_after_the_introduction_of_the_alcopops_tax_in_Germany_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.02956.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -