A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 2 dose ranges of paliperidone extended-release in the treatment of subjects with schizoaffective disorder.J Clin Psychiatry. 2010 May; 71(5):587-98.JC
This study was designed to assess efficacy and safety of paliperidone extended-release (ER) in patients with schizoaffective disorder.
A randomized, 6-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted. Subjects with a Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV diagnosis of schizoaffective disorder, Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score >or= 60, score >or= 4 on >or= 2 PANSS items (hostility, excitement, tension, uncooperativeness, poor impulse control), and Young Mania Rating Scale and/or Hamilton Depression Rating Scale, 21-item version scores >or= 16 were eligible. Subjects received higher-dose (12 mg/d) or lower-dose (6 mg/d) paliperidone ER. Dose adjustments by 3-mg increments were allowed until day 15. The study was conducted from October 2006 through February 2008.
A total of 316 subjects were randomly assigned to paliperidone ER lower dose (n = 109), higher dose (n = 100), or placebo (n = 107). Mean +/- SD modal dose in lower- and higher-dose groups: 5.7 +/- 0.9 and 11.6 +/- 1.0 mg/d, respectively. Mean +/- SE PANSS total score (primary outcome) improved significantly with higher-dose paliperidone ER versus placebo (-32.4 +/- 2.1 versus -24.1 +/- 2.1; P = .003). Change with lower-dose paliperidone ER (-27.7 +/- 2.1) was not significantly different from placebo (P = .187). No new safety issues were identified; common adverse events were headache (placebo: 16.8%; paliperidone ER: lower dose, 13.9%, higher dose, 13.3%) and tremor (3.7%, 12.0%, 11.2%, respectively). Mean prolactin and weight changes were greater with active treatment than placebo.
Higher-dose paliperidone ER was effective and well tolerated in patients with acute schizoaffective disorder. These findings and those from a companion study constitute the first registration program for antipsychotic treatment in schizoaffective disorder.
clincaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT00397033.