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Associations of coping processes with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in national guard/reserve service members deployed during the OEF-OIF era.
J Anxiety Disord. 2010 Oct; 24(7):694-9.JA

Abstract

Studies have identified coping processes as one potential factor influencing PTSD in veterans. This study examined the associations between coping, combat exposure, and PTSD among 218 National Guard veterans deployed overseas since 2001. Problem-focused coping was unrelated to combat exposure and PTSD symptoms. In contrast, increased levels of emotion focused coping (EFC) were found in veterans who reported higher levels of combat exposure. Moreover, the severity of combat was a curvilinear moderator of the relation between coping process and PTSD, such that EFC was unrelated to PTSD symptom severity at low levels of combat, associated with higher symptom severity at moderate levels of combat, and associated with lower symptom severity at high levels of combat. These findings indicate that the type and severity of trauma may moderate the association of coping and psychological outcomes, and that these associations might not be linear.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Utah, 380 S. 1530 E. Rm. 502, Salt Lake City, UT 84112, United States. camila.rodrigues@psych.utah.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20494548

Citation

Rodrigues, Camila S., and Keith D. Renshaw. "Associations of Coping Processes With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in National Guard/reserve Service Members Deployed During the OEF-OIF Era." Journal of Anxiety Disorders, vol. 24, no. 7, 2010, pp. 694-9.
Rodrigues CS, Renshaw KD. Associations of coping processes with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in national guard/reserve service members deployed during the OEF-OIF era. J Anxiety Disord. 2010;24(7):694-9.
Rodrigues, C. S., & Renshaw, K. D. (2010). Associations of coping processes with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in national guard/reserve service members deployed during the OEF-OIF era. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 24(7), 694-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.janxdis.2010.04.013
Rodrigues CS, Renshaw KD. Associations of Coping Processes With Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in National Guard/reserve Service Members Deployed During the OEF-OIF Era. J Anxiety Disord. 2010;24(7):694-9. PubMed PMID: 20494548.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Associations of coping processes with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms in national guard/reserve service members deployed during the OEF-OIF era. AU - Rodrigues,Camila S, AU - Renshaw,Keith D, Y1 - 2010/05/21/ PY - 2009/10/07/received PY - 2010/04/20/revised PY - 2010/04/23/accepted PY - 2010/5/25/entrez PY - 2010/5/25/pubmed PY - 2010/12/14/medline SP - 694 EP - 9 JF - Journal of anxiety disorders JO - J Anxiety Disord VL - 24 IS - 7 N2 - Studies have identified coping processes as one potential factor influencing PTSD in veterans. This study examined the associations between coping, combat exposure, and PTSD among 218 National Guard veterans deployed overseas since 2001. Problem-focused coping was unrelated to combat exposure and PTSD symptoms. In contrast, increased levels of emotion focused coping (EFC) were found in veterans who reported higher levels of combat exposure. Moreover, the severity of combat was a curvilinear moderator of the relation between coping process and PTSD, such that EFC was unrelated to PTSD symptom severity at low levels of combat, associated with higher symptom severity at moderate levels of combat, and associated with lower symptom severity at high levels of combat. These findings indicate that the type and severity of trauma may moderate the association of coping and psychological outcomes, and that these associations might not be linear. SN - 1873-7897 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20494548/Associations_of_coping_processes_with_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_symptoms_in_national_guard/reserve_service_members_deployed_during_the_OEF_OIF_era_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0887-6185(10)00105-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -