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Aerodynamics and mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: a comparison of research institutes.
Osiris 2005; 20:131-58O

Abstract

The article is concerned with the mathematical sciences in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy, with special attention to research important to the war effort. It focuses on three institutional developments: the expansion of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Fluid Dynamics in Göttingen, the foundation of the Reich Institute for Mathematics in Oberwolfach (Black Forest), and the work of the Istituto Nazionale per le Applicazioni del Calcolo in Rome. All three developments are embedded in the general political background, thus providing a basis for comparative conclusions about the conditions of the mathematical sciences and military-related research in Germany and Italy. It turns out that in both countries, the increasing demand for mathematical knowledge in modern warfare led to the establishment of "extra-university" national institutions specifically devoted to mathematical research.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Goethe-UniversitBt Frankfurt, Historisches Seminar, Arbeitsgruppe Wissenschaftsgeschichte, D-60629, Frankfurt am Main, Germany epple@em.uni-frankfurt.deNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20503761

Citation

Epple, Moritz, et al. "Aerodynamics and Mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: a Comparison of Research Institutes." Osiris, vol. 20, 2005, pp. 131-58.
Epple M, Karachalios A, Remmert VR. Aerodynamics and mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: a comparison of research institutes. Osiris. 2005;20:131-58.
Epple, M., Karachalios, A., & Remmert, V. R. (2005). Aerodynamics and mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: a comparison of research institutes. Osiris, 20, pp. 131-58.
Epple M, Karachalios A, Remmert VR. Aerodynamics and Mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: a Comparison of Research Institutes. Osiris. 2005;20:131-58. PubMed PMID: 20503761.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Aerodynamics and mathematics in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy: a comparison of research institutes. AU - Epple,Moritz, AU - Karachalios,Andreas, AU - Remmert,Volker R, PY - 2010/5/28/entrez PY - 2005/1/1/pubmed PY - 2011/2/12/medline SP - 131 EP - 58 JF - Osiris JO - Osiris VL - 20 N2 - The article is concerned with the mathematical sciences in National Socialist Germany and Fascist Italy, with special attention to research important to the war effort. It focuses on three institutional developments: the expansion of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Fluid Dynamics in Göttingen, the foundation of the Reich Institute for Mathematics in Oberwolfach (Black Forest), and the work of the Istituto Nazionale per le Applicazioni del Calcolo in Rome. All three developments are embedded in the general political background, thus providing a basis for comparative conclusions about the conditions of the mathematical sciences and military-related research in Germany and Italy. It turns out that in both countries, the increasing demand for mathematical knowledge in modern warfare led to the establishment of "extra-university" national institutions specifically devoted to mathematical research. SN - 0369-7827 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20503761/Aerodynamics_and_mathematics_in_National_Socialist_Germany_and_Fascist_Italy:_a_comparison_of_research_institutes_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -