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Human heredity and politics: A comparative institutional study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR).
Osiris 2005; 20:232-62O

Abstract

Despite the fact that much has been written in recent years about the science of heredity under the Third Reich, there is as yet no satisfying analysis of two central questions: What, if anything, was peculiarly "Nazi" about human genetics under National Socialism? How, under whatever set of causes, did at least some of Germany's most well-known and leading biomedical practioners become engaged in entgrenzte Wissenschaft (science without moral boundaries)? This paper attempts to provide some answers to these two questions comparing three institutes that studied eugenics and human heredity in the 1920s and 1930s: the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor, New York, directed by Charles B. Davenport; the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics, in Berlin, directed by Eugen Fischer; and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute in Moscow, directed by Solomon G. Levit. The institutes are compared on the basis of the kind and quality of their research in eugenics and medical genetics, organizational structure, leadership, patronage (private or state), and the economic-social-political context in which they functioned.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of the History and Sociology of Science, Univ. of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6304, USA. madams@sas.upenn.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20503765

Citation

Adams, Mark B., et al. "Human Heredity and Politics: a Comparative Institutional Study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR)." Osiris, vol. 20, 2005, pp. 232-62.
Adams MB, Allen GE, Weiss SF. Human heredity and politics: A comparative institutional study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR). Osiris. 2005;20:232-62.
Adams, M. B., Allen, G. E., & Weiss, S. F. (2005). Human heredity and politics: A comparative institutional study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR). Osiris, 20, pp. 232-62.
Adams MB, Allen GE, Weiss SF. Human Heredity and Politics: a Comparative Institutional Study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR). Osiris. 2005;20:232-62. PubMed PMID: 20503765.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Human heredity and politics: A comparative institutional study of the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor (United States), the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics (Germany), and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute (USSR). AU - Adams,Mark B, AU - Allen,Garland E, AU - Weiss,Sheila Faith, PY - 2010/5/28/entrez PY - 2005/1/1/pubmed PY - 2011/2/12/medline SP - 232 EP - 62 JF - Osiris JO - Osiris VL - 20 N2 - Despite the fact that much has been written in recent years about the science of heredity under the Third Reich, there is as yet no satisfying analysis of two central questions: What, if anything, was peculiarly "Nazi" about human genetics under National Socialism? How, under whatever set of causes, did at least some of Germany's most well-known and leading biomedical practioners become engaged in entgrenzte Wissenschaft (science without moral boundaries)? This paper attempts to provide some answers to these two questions comparing three institutes that studied eugenics and human heredity in the 1920s and 1930s: the Eugenics Record Office at Cold Spring Harbor, New York, directed by Charles B. Davenport; the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics, in Berlin, directed by Eugen Fischer; and the Maxim Gorky Medical Genetics Institute in Moscow, directed by Solomon G. Levit. The institutes are compared on the basis of the kind and quality of their research in eugenics and medical genetics, organizational structure, leadership, patronage (private or state), and the economic-social-political context in which they functioned. SN - 0369-7827 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20503765/Human_heredity_and_politics:_A_comparative_institutional_study_of_the_Eugenics_Record_Office_at_Cold_Spring_Harbor__United_States__the_Kaiser_Wilhelm_Institute_for_Anthropology_Human_Heredity_and_Eugenics__Germany__and_the_Maxim_Gorky_Medical_Genetics_Institute__USSR__ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -