[GSK-3beta: a central kinase for neurodegenerative diseases?].Med Sci (Paris). 2010 May; 26(5):516-21.MS
Neurodegenerative diseases are more and more prevalent in our aging societies. There is strong evidence that glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3b plays a crucial role in Alzheimer's disease (AD). Indeed, it is involved in the regulation of the two major neuropathological hallmarks present in the brains of AD patients. Interestingly, the kinase has been implicated in multiple cellular processes and linked with the pathogenesis and neuronal loss in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Huntington's diseases, in which abnormally elevated levels of GSK-3b activity have been reported. In this review, we will provide an overview of the current data pointing out the convergent role of GSK-3b in the neuropathological pathways of these diseases. We will also discuss the rationale for the development of specific inhibitors with therapeutic potentials for such devastating human diseases.