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Illicit drugs in wastewater of the city of Zagreb (Croatia)--estimation of drug abuse in a transition country.
Environ Pollut 2010; 158(8):2686-93EP

Abstract

A comprehensive study of various psychoactive substances and their metabolites was performed in the wastewater treatment plant of the city of Zagreb (780 000 inhabitants) using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). The estimation of drug abuse for five different illicit drugs, including heroin, cocaine, marijuana, amphetamine and ecstasy, was made on the basis of their representative excretion rates, which were determined over a period of 8 months. Marijuana (1000 kg/year), heroin (75 kg/year) and cocaine (47 kg/year) were found to be the most frequently consumed illicit drugs, while the consumption of amphetamine-type drugs was much lower (1-3 kg/year). A comparison with other reports indicated that drug abuse profiles in transition countries might be different from those reported for Western Europe, in particular with respect to the comparatively increased consumption of heroin. Enhanced consumption of stimulating drugs (cocaine and ectasy) was systematically detected during weekends.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, Bijenicka 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia. terzic@irb.hrNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20510491

Citation

Terzic, Senka, et al. "Illicit Drugs in Wastewater of the City of Zagreb (Croatia)--estimation of Drug Abuse in a Transition Country." Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), vol. 158, no. 8, 2010, pp. 2686-93.
Terzic S, Senta I, Ahel M. Illicit drugs in wastewater of the city of Zagreb (Croatia)--estimation of drug abuse in a transition country. Environ Pollut. 2010;158(8):2686-93.
Terzic, S., Senta, I., & Ahel, M. (2010). Illicit drugs in wastewater of the city of Zagreb (Croatia)--estimation of drug abuse in a transition country. Environmental Pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987), 158(8), pp. 2686-93. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2010.04.020.
Terzic S, Senta I, Ahel M. Illicit Drugs in Wastewater of the City of Zagreb (Croatia)--estimation of Drug Abuse in a Transition Country. Environ Pollut. 2010;158(8):2686-93. PubMed PMID: 20510491.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Illicit drugs in wastewater of the city of Zagreb (Croatia)--estimation of drug abuse in a transition country. AU - Terzic,Senka, AU - Senta,Ivan, AU - Ahel,Marijan, Y1 - 2010/05/26/ PY - 2009/12/04/received PY - 2010/04/16/revised PY - 2010/04/26/accepted PY - 2010/6/1/entrez PY - 2010/6/1/pubmed PY - 2010/11/6/medline SP - 2686 EP - 93 JF - Environmental pollution (Barking, Essex : 1987) JO - Environ. Pollut. VL - 158 IS - 8 N2 - A comprehensive study of various psychoactive substances and their metabolites was performed in the wastewater treatment plant of the city of Zagreb (780 000 inhabitants) using liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS). The estimation of drug abuse for five different illicit drugs, including heroin, cocaine, marijuana, amphetamine and ecstasy, was made on the basis of their representative excretion rates, which were determined over a period of 8 months. Marijuana (1000 kg/year), heroin (75 kg/year) and cocaine (47 kg/year) were found to be the most frequently consumed illicit drugs, while the consumption of amphetamine-type drugs was much lower (1-3 kg/year). A comparison with other reports indicated that drug abuse profiles in transition countries might be different from those reported for Western Europe, in particular with respect to the comparatively increased consumption of heroin. Enhanced consumption of stimulating drugs (cocaine and ectasy) was systematically detected during weekends. SN - 1873-6424 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20510491/Illicit_drugs_in_wastewater_of_the_city_of_Zagreb__Croatia___estimation_of_drug_abuse_in_a_transition_country_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0269-7491(10)00172-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -