Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in seventh day adventist adults.
Nutr J. 2010 Jun 01; 9:26.NJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The physical health status of vegetarians has been extensively reported, but there is limited research regarding the mental health status of vegetarians, particularly with regard to mood. Vegetarian diets exclude fish, the major dietary source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), critical regulators of brain cell structure and function. Omnivorous diets low in EPA and DHA are linked to impaired mood states in observational and experimental studies.

METHODS

We examined associations between mood state and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake as a result of adherence to a vegetarian or omnivorous diet in a cross-sectional study of 138 healthy Seventh Day Adventist men and women residing in the Southwest. Participants completed a quantitative food frequency questionnaire, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), and Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaires.

RESULTS

Vegetarians (VEG:n = 60) reported significantly less negative emotion than omnivores (OMN:n = 78) as measured by both mean total DASS and POMS scores (8.32 +/- 0.88 vs 17.51 +/- 1.88, p = .000 and 0.10 +/- 1.99 vs 15.33 +/- 3.10, p = .007, respectively). VEG reported significantly lower mean intakes of EPA (p < .001), DHA (p < .001), as well as the omega-6 fatty acid, arachidonic acid (AA; p < .001), and reported higher mean intakes of shorter-chain alpha-linolenic acid (p < .001) and linoleic acid (p < .001) than OMN. Mean total DASS and POMS scores were positively related to mean intakes of EPA (p < 0.05), DHA (p < 0.05), and AA (p < 0.05), and inversely related to intakes of ALA (p < 0.05), and LA (p < 0.05), indicating that participants with low intakes of EPA, DHA, and AA and high intakes of ALA and LA had better mood.

CONCLUSIONS

The vegetarian diet profile does not appear to adversely affect mood despite low intake of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Nutrition, Arizona State University, 6950 E, Williams Field Road, Mesa, Arizona, USA. bonnie.beezhold@asu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20515497

Citation

Beezhold, Bonnie L., et al. "Vegetarian Diets Are Associated With Healthy Mood States: a Cross-sectional Study in Seventh Day Adventist Adults." Nutrition Journal, vol. 9, 2010, p. 26.
Beezhold BL, Johnston CS, Daigle DR. Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in seventh day adventist adults. Nutr J. 2010;9:26.
Beezhold, B. L., Johnston, C. S., & Daigle, D. R. (2010). Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in seventh day adventist adults. Nutrition Journal, 9, 26. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-9-26
Beezhold BL, Johnston CS, Daigle DR. Vegetarian Diets Are Associated With Healthy Mood States: a Cross-sectional Study in Seventh Day Adventist Adults. Nutr J. 2010 Jun 1;9:26. PubMed PMID: 20515497.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Vegetarian diets are associated with healthy mood states: a cross-sectional study in seventh day adventist adults. AU - Beezhold,Bonnie L, AU - Johnston,Carol S, AU - Daigle,Deanna R, Y1 - 2010/06/01/ PY - 2009/07/23/received PY - 2010/06/01/accepted PY - 2010/6/3/entrez PY - 2010/6/3/pubmed PY - 2010/7/23/medline SP - 26 EP - 26 JF - Nutrition journal JO - Nutr J VL - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: The physical health status of vegetarians has been extensively reported, but there is limited research regarding the mental health status of vegetarians, particularly with regard to mood. Vegetarian diets exclude fish, the major dietary source of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), critical regulators of brain cell structure and function. Omnivorous diets low in EPA and DHA are linked to impaired mood states in observational and experimental studies. METHODS: We examined associations between mood state and polyunsaturated fatty acid intake as a result of adherence to a vegetarian or omnivorous diet in a cross-sectional study of 138 healthy Seventh Day Adventist men and women residing in the Southwest. Participants completed a quantitative food frequency questionnaire, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), and Profile of Mood States (POMS) questionnaires. RESULTS: Vegetarians (VEG:n = 60) reported significantly less negative emotion than omnivores (OMN:n = 78) as measured by both mean total DASS and POMS scores (8.32 +/- 0.88 vs 17.51 +/- 1.88, p = .000 and 0.10 +/- 1.99 vs 15.33 +/- 3.10, p = .007, respectively). VEG reported significantly lower mean intakes of EPA (p < .001), DHA (p < .001), as well as the omega-6 fatty acid, arachidonic acid (AA; p < .001), and reported higher mean intakes of shorter-chain alpha-linolenic acid (p < .001) and linoleic acid (p < .001) than OMN. Mean total DASS and POMS scores were positively related to mean intakes of EPA (p < 0.05), DHA (p < 0.05), and AA (p < 0.05), and inversely related to intakes of ALA (p < 0.05), and LA (p < 0.05), indicating that participants with low intakes of EPA, DHA, and AA and high intakes of ALA and LA had better mood. CONCLUSIONS: The vegetarian diet profile does not appear to adversely affect mood despite low intake of long-chain omega-3 fatty acids. SN - 1475-2891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20515497/Vegetarian_diets_are_associated_with_healthy_mood_states:_a_cross_sectional_study_in_seventh_day_adventist_adults_ L2 - https://nutritionj.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1475-2891-9-26 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -