Copper catalyzed arylation/C-C bond activation: an approach toward alpha-aryl ketones.J Am Chem Soc. 2010 Jun 23; 132(24):8273-5.JA
An efficient arylation/C-C activation process was discovered. Beta-diketones with aryl halides (aryl iodides and aryl bromides) could undergo reaction smoothly in the presence of Cu(I) or Cu(II) salts in DMSO using K(3)PO(4) x 3 H(2)O without ligands. The role of H(2)O was unprecedented, which assisted the C-C activation. Various alpha-aryl ketones could be efficiently synthesized by this novel method. In situ monitoring of the formation of KOAc and experimentation relating to "a classic diagnostic technique for the participation of radical anion intermediates" revealed the preliminary mechanistic information for the reaction. This method is simple, general, and practical which complemented the classic method for the rapid construction of C-C bonds to a carbonyl moiety.