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Sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder in adult women with severe mental illness: a pilot study.
Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2010 Jul; 31(7):456-60.IM

Abstract

Research indicates that women with serious mental illness (SMI) are vulnerable to sexual abuse, resulting in adverse health outcomes such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the prevalence of undiagnosed PTSD among a cohort of 20 women with SMI and reporting past sexual abuse. Furthermore, the researcher sought to identify specific symptom manifestations of PTSD among women with SMI and sexual abuse histories. Finally, the feasibility of using specific data collection tools was examined. Results indicated that PTSD was not previously diagnosed or recognized in the study sample, in spite of the presence of a sexual trauma history. The screening tools were effective in identifying depression, guilt, emotional withdrawal, blunted affect, decreased psychomotor activity, suicidal ideations, sexual dysfunction, and substance abuse. Additionally, the data collection tools provided a framework for discussing sensitive issues related to sexual abuse. Implications of this pilot study suggest the need to evaluate all women with SMI and history of sexual abuse for PTSD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA. bonuglir@uthscsa.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20521915

Citation

Bonugli, Rebecca, et al. "Sexual Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adult Women With Severe Mental Illness: a Pilot Study." Issues in Mental Health Nursing, vol. 31, no. 7, 2010, pp. 456-60.
Bonugli R, H Brackley M, Williams GB, et al. Sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder in adult women with severe mental illness: a pilot study. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2010;31(7):456-60.
Bonugli, R., H Brackley, M., Williams, G. B., & Lesser, J. (2010). Sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder in adult women with severe mental illness: a pilot study. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 31(7), 456-60. https://doi.org/10.3109/01612840903581108
Bonugli R, et al. Sexual Abuse and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Adult Women With Severe Mental Illness: a Pilot Study. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 2010;31(7):456-60. PubMed PMID: 20521915.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Sexual abuse and posttraumatic stress disorder in adult women with severe mental illness: a pilot study. AU - Bonugli,Rebecca, AU - H Brackley,Margaret, AU - Williams,Gail B, AU - Lesser,Janna, PY - 2010/6/5/entrez PY - 2010/6/5/pubmed PY - 2010/10/6/medline SP - 456 EP - 60 JF - Issues in mental health nursing JO - Issues Ment Health Nurs VL - 31 IS - 7 N2 - Research indicates that women with serious mental illness (SMI) are vulnerable to sexual abuse, resulting in adverse health outcomes such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The purpose of this pilot study was to examine the prevalence of undiagnosed PTSD among a cohort of 20 women with SMI and reporting past sexual abuse. Furthermore, the researcher sought to identify specific symptom manifestations of PTSD among women with SMI and sexual abuse histories. Finally, the feasibility of using specific data collection tools was examined. Results indicated that PTSD was not previously diagnosed or recognized in the study sample, in spite of the presence of a sexual trauma history. The screening tools were effective in identifying depression, guilt, emotional withdrawal, blunted affect, decreased psychomotor activity, suicidal ideations, sexual dysfunction, and substance abuse. Additionally, the data collection tools provided a framework for discussing sensitive issues related to sexual abuse. Implications of this pilot study suggest the need to evaluate all women with SMI and history of sexual abuse for PTSD. SN - 1096-4673 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20521915/Sexual_abuse_and_posttraumatic_stress_disorder_in_adult_women_with_severe_mental_illness:_a_pilot_study_ L2 - https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/01612840903581108 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -