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Efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin and fenofibric acid combination therapy versus simvastatin monotherapy in patients with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia: a randomized, double-blind study.
Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2010; 10(3):175-86.AJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combinations of rosuvastatin and fenofibric acid (rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid) compared with simvastatin in patients with high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG).

BACKGROUND

Combination therapy with a statin and a fibrate is one of the treatment options to manage multiple lipid abnormalities in patients with hypercholesterolemia and elevated TGs.

METHODS

In this randomized, double-blind study, patients (n = 474) with LDL-C > or =160 mg/dL and < or =240 mg/dL and TG > or =150 mg/dL and <400 mg/dL were treated for 8 weeks with simvastatin 40 mg, rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg, rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg, or rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg. Primary and secondary variables were mean percent changes in LDL-C comparing rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg with simvastatin 40 mg and rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg and rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg with simvastatin 40 mg, respectively. Additional efficacy variables included non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein (Apo) B, HDL-C, TG, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). Safety was evaluated based on data collected for adverse events (AEs), physical and electrocardiographic examinations, vital sign measurements, and clinical laboratory tests.

RESULTS

Significantly greater reductions in LDL-C levels from baseline values were observed with the combination of rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg (-47.2%, p < 0.001), rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg (-46.0%, p < 0.001), and rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg (-38.9%, p = 0.007) than with simvastatin 40 mg (-32.8%). Significant (p < or = 0.04 for all comparisons) improvements in non-HDL-C, ApoB, HDL-C, TG, and hsCRP levels were also observed with each of the rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid doses as compared with simvastatin 40 mg. Treatment-related AEs and discontinuations due to AEs were similar across groups. The incidence of serious AEs was 0% with simvastatin 40 mg, 3.4% with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg, 0.8% with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg, and 2.5% with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg. No cases of rhabdomyolysis or drug-related myopathy were reported.

CONCLUSION

In patients with high LDL-C and TG levels, combination treatment with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid was well tolerated, and each of the rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid doses produced greater reductions in LDL-C and improvements in other efficacy parameters, compared with simvastatin 40 mg. [Clinical trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00812955.].

Authors+Show Affiliations

Sterling Research Group, Cincinnati, Ohio 45219, USA. eroth@sterlingresearch.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20524719

Citation

Roth, Eli M., et al. "Efficacy and Safety of Rosuvastatin and Fenofibric Acid Combination Therapy Versus Simvastatin Monotherapy in Patients With Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertriglyceridemia: a Randomized, Double-blind Study." American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs : Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions, vol. 10, no. 3, 2010, pp. 175-86.
Roth EM, McKenney JM, Kelly MT, et al. Efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin and fenofibric acid combination therapy versus simvastatin monotherapy in patients with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia: a randomized, double-blind study. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2010;10(3):175-86.
Roth, E. M., McKenney, J. M., Kelly, M. T., Setze, C. M., Carlson, D. M., Gold, A., Stolzenbach, J. C., Williams, L. A., & Jones, P. H. (2010). Efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin and fenofibric acid combination therapy versus simvastatin monotherapy in patients with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia: a randomized, double-blind study. American Journal of Cardiovascular Drugs : Drugs, Devices, and Other Interventions, 10(3), 175-86. https://doi.org/10.2165/11533430-000000000-00000
Roth EM, et al. Efficacy and Safety of Rosuvastatin and Fenofibric Acid Combination Therapy Versus Simvastatin Monotherapy in Patients With Hypercholesterolemia and Hypertriglyceridemia: a Randomized, Double-blind Study. Am J Cardiovasc Drugs. 2010;10(3):175-86. PubMed PMID: 20524719.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Efficacy and safety of rosuvastatin and fenofibric acid combination therapy versus simvastatin monotherapy in patients with hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia: a randomized, double-blind study. AU - Roth,Eli M, AU - McKenney,James M, AU - Kelly,Maureen T, AU - Setze,Carolyn M, AU - Carlson,Dawn M, AU - Gold,Alex, AU - Stolzenbach,James C, AU - Williams,Laura A, AU - Jones,Peter H, PY - 2010/6/8/entrez PY - 2010/6/9/pubmed PY - 2010/8/25/medline SP - 175 EP - 86 JF - American journal of cardiovascular drugs : drugs, devices, and other interventions JO - Am J Cardiovasc Drugs VL - 10 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of fixed-dose combinations of rosuvastatin and fenofibric acid (rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid) compared with simvastatin in patients with high levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and triglycerides (TG). BACKGROUND: Combination therapy with a statin and a fibrate is one of the treatment options to manage multiple lipid abnormalities in patients with hypercholesterolemia and elevated TGs. METHODS: In this randomized, double-blind study, patients (n = 474) with LDL-C > or =160 mg/dL and < or =240 mg/dL and TG > or =150 mg/dL and <400 mg/dL were treated for 8 weeks with simvastatin 40 mg, rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg, rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg, or rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg. Primary and secondary variables were mean percent changes in LDL-C comparing rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg with simvastatin 40 mg and rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg and rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg with simvastatin 40 mg, respectively. Additional efficacy variables included non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), apolipoprotein (Apo) B, HDL-C, TG, and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). Safety was evaluated based on data collected for adverse events (AEs), physical and electrocardiographic examinations, vital sign measurements, and clinical laboratory tests. RESULTS: Significantly greater reductions in LDL-C levels from baseline values were observed with the combination of rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg (-47.2%, p < 0.001), rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg (-46.0%, p < 0.001), and rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg (-38.9%, p = 0.007) than with simvastatin 40 mg (-32.8%). Significant (p < or = 0.04 for all comparisons) improvements in non-HDL-C, ApoB, HDL-C, TG, and hsCRP levels were also observed with each of the rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid doses as compared with simvastatin 40 mg. Treatment-related AEs and discontinuations due to AEs were similar across groups. The incidence of serious AEs was 0% with simvastatin 40 mg, 3.4% with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 5 mg/135 mg, 0.8% with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 10 mg/135 mg, and 2.5% with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid 20 mg/135 mg. No cases of rhabdomyolysis or drug-related myopathy were reported. CONCLUSION: In patients with high LDL-C and TG levels, combination treatment with rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid was well tolerated, and each of the rosuvastatin/fenofibric acid doses produced greater reductions in LDL-C and improvements in other efficacy parameters, compared with simvastatin 40 mg. [Clinical trial is registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov NCT00812955.]. SN - 1175-3277 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20524719/Efficacy_and_safety_of_rosuvastatin_and_fenofibric_acid_combination_therapy_versus_simvastatin_monotherapy_in_patients_with_hypercholesterolemia_and_hypertriglyceridemia:_a_randomized_double_blind_study_ L2 - https://dx.doi.org/10.2165/11533430-000000000-00000 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -