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Schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder: similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma.
J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010 Jun; 198(6):399-403.JN

Abstract

This study investigated similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma in schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder (BPD). Patients with clinical diagnoses of schizophrenia or BPD were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV. Axes 1 and 2 and auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma were assessed. A total of 111 patients participated; 59 met criteria for schizophrenia, 33 for BPD, and 19 for both. The groups were similar in their experiences of voices, including the perceived location of them, but they differed in frequency of paranoid delusions. Those with a diagnosis of BPD, including those with schizophrenia comorbidity, reported more childhood trauma, especially emotional abuse. BPD and schizophrenia frequently coexist, and this comorbidity has implications for diagnostic classification and treatment. Levels of reported childhood trauma are especially high in those with a BPD diagnosis, whether they have schizophrenia or not, and this requires assessment and appropriate management.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Southampton, Royal South Hants Hospital, Southampton, United Kingdom.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20531117

Citation

Kingdon, David G., et al. "Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder: Similarities and Differences in the Experience of Auditory Hallucinations, Paranoia, and Childhood Trauma." The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, vol. 198, no. 6, 2010, pp. 399-403.
Kingdon DG, Ashcroft K, Bhandari B, et al. Schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder: similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010;198(6):399-403.
Kingdon, D. G., Ashcroft, K., Bhandari, B., Gleeson, S., Warikoo, N., Symons, M., Taylor, L., Lucas, E., Mahendra, R., Ghosh, S., Mason, A., Badrakalimuthu, R., Hepworth, C., Read, J., & Mehta, R. (2010). Schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder: similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma. The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 198(6), 399-403. https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181e08c27
Kingdon DG, et al. Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder: Similarities and Differences in the Experience of Auditory Hallucinations, Paranoia, and Childhood Trauma. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010;198(6):399-403. PubMed PMID: 20531117.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder: similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma. AU - Kingdon,David G, AU - Ashcroft,Katie, AU - Bhandari,Bharathi, AU - Gleeson,Stefan, AU - Warikoo,Nishchint, AU - Symons,Matthew, AU - Taylor,Lisa, AU - Lucas,Eleanor, AU - Mahendra,Ravi, AU - Ghosh,Soumya, AU - Mason,Anthony, AU - Badrakalimuthu,Raja, AU - Hepworth,Claire, AU - Read,John, AU - Mehta,Raj, PY - 2010/6/10/entrez PY - 2010/6/10/pubmed PY - 2010/6/23/medline SP - 399 EP - 403 JF - The Journal of nervous and mental disease JO - J Nerv Ment Dis VL - 198 IS - 6 N2 - This study investigated similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma in schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder (BPD). Patients with clinical diagnoses of schizophrenia or BPD were interviewed using the Structured Clinical Interviews for DSM-IV. Axes 1 and 2 and auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma were assessed. A total of 111 patients participated; 59 met criteria for schizophrenia, 33 for BPD, and 19 for both. The groups were similar in their experiences of voices, including the perceived location of them, but they differed in frequency of paranoid delusions. Those with a diagnosis of BPD, including those with schizophrenia comorbidity, reported more childhood trauma, especially emotional abuse. BPD and schizophrenia frequently coexist, and this comorbidity has implications for diagnostic classification and treatment. Levels of reported childhood trauma are especially high in those with a BPD diagnosis, whether they have schizophrenia or not, and this requires assessment and appropriate management. SN - 1539-736X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20531117/Schizophrenia_and_borderline_personality_disorder:_similarities_and_differences_in_the_experience_of_auditory_hallucinations_paranoia_and_childhood_trauma_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181e08c27 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -