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Tanning as a behavioral addiction.
Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2010; 36(5):284-90AJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Persistent tanning despite potentially fatal consequences suggests a compulsive behavior similar to other addictive disorders.

OBJECTIVES

To review the literature supporting tanning addiction from an epidemiological, behavioral, and neurobiological perspective.

METHODS

A comprehensive review of the medical literature was conducted to assess the health consequences of tanning, behaviors and other psychiatric disorders associated with tanning, and central rewarding effects of ultraviolet light.

RESULTS

Many frequent tanners endorse signs and symptoms adapted from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM IV) substance abuse or dependence criteria. Recent studies suggest biochemical mechanisms may reinforce ultraviolet light seeking behavior.

CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE

Frequent and persistent tanning may reveal itself to be a dermatologic-psychiatric disorder with carcinogenic sequelae. Multidisciplinary studies are required to determine the validity of an addiction diagnosis and to explore pharmacologic and cognitive therapeutic options for affected persons.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, USA.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20545604

Citation

Kourosh, Arianne S., et al. "Tanning as a Behavioral Addiction." The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, vol. 36, no. 5, 2010, pp. 284-90.
Kourosh AS, Harrington CR, Adinoff B. Tanning as a behavioral addiction. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2010;36(5):284-90.
Kourosh, A. S., Harrington, C. R., & Adinoff, B. (2010). Tanning as a behavioral addiction. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 36(5), pp. 284-90. doi:10.3109/00952990.2010.491883.
Kourosh AS, Harrington CR, Adinoff B. Tanning as a Behavioral Addiction. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse. 2010;36(5):284-90. PubMed PMID: 20545604.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Tanning as a behavioral addiction. AU - Kourosh,Arianne S, AU - Harrington,Cynthia R, AU - Adinoff,Bryon, PY - 2010/6/16/entrez PY - 2010/6/16/pubmed PY - 2010/12/16/medline SP - 284 EP - 90 JF - The American journal of drug and alcohol abuse JO - Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse VL - 36 IS - 5 N2 - BACKGROUND: Persistent tanning despite potentially fatal consequences suggests a compulsive behavior similar to other addictive disorders. OBJECTIVES: To review the literature supporting tanning addiction from an epidemiological, behavioral, and neurobiological perspective. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the medical literature was conducted to assess the health consequences of tanning, behaviors and other psychiatric disorders associated with tanning, and central rewarding effects of ultraviolet light. RESULTS: Many frequent tanners endorse signs and symptoms adapted from Diagnostic and Statistical Manual-IV (DSM IV) substance abuse or dependence criteria. Recent studies suggest biochemical mechanisms may reinforce ultraviolet light seeking behavior. CONCLUSIONS AND SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE: Frequent and persistent tanning may reveal itself to be a dermatologic-psychiatric disorder with carcinogenic sequelae. Multidisciplinary studies are required to determine the validity of an addiction diagnosis and to explore pharmacologic and cognitive therapeutic options for affected persons. SN - 1097-9891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20545604/Tanning_as_a_behavioral_addiction_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.3109/00952990.2010.491883 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -