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Addictive-like behaviours to ultraviolet light among frequent indoor tanners.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Frequent, purposeful exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light may induce a compulsive desire to tan despite the negative consequences being known, suggesting a behavioural complex similar to addictive disorders.

AIM

To assess the presence of addictive-like behaviours in subjects using indoor tanning salons.

METHODS

Subjects (n = 100) were surveyed by two questionnaires: a modified CAGE questionnaire to assess behaviours consistent with problem tanning and a modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) ('substance dependence' criteria) to assess behaviours consistent with a dependence-like disorder.

RESULTS

In total, 41% of subjects met criteria consistent with a 'tanning addictive disorder', and an additional 33% met criteria for problematic tanning behaviour based on the modified CAGE criteria or subthreshold criteria on the modified DSM-IV criteria. Female gender and early age of onset were associated with meeting tanning addiction criteria.

CONCLUSION

A high percentage of subjects who tan frequently in indoor salons experience behaviours and consequences to their tanning consistent with other identified addictive disorders.

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  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Department of Dermatology, University of Texas South-western Medical Center, Dallas, TX, USA.

    , , , ,

    Source

    MeSH

    Adult
    Beauty Culture
    Behavior, Addictive
    Chi-Square Distribution
    Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
    Female
    Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
    Humans
    Male
    Risk-Taking
    Sex Factors
    Skin
    Skin Pigmentation
    Sunbathing
    Surveys and Questionnaires
    Ultraviolet Rays
    Young Adult

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20545951

    Citation

    Harrington, C R., et al. "Addictive-like Behaviours to Ultraviolet Light Among Frequent Indoor Tanners." Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, vol. 36, no. 1, 2011, pp. 33-8.
    Harrington CR, Beswick TC, Leitenberger J, et al. Addictive-like behaviours to ultraviolet light among frequent indoor tanners. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2011;36(1):33-8.
    Harrington, C. R., Beswick, T. C., Leitenberger, J., Minhajuddin, A., Jacobe, H. T., & Adinoff, B. (2011). Addictive-like behaviours to ultraviolet light among frequent indoor tanners. Clinical and Experimental Dermatology, 36(1), pp. 33-8. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2230.2010.03882.x.
    Harrington CR, et al. Addictive-like Behaviours to Ultraviolet Light Among Frequent Indoor Tanners. Clin Exp Dermatol. 2011;36(1):33-8. PubMed PMID: 20545951.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - Addictive-like behaviours to ultraviolet light among frequent indoor tanners. AU - Harrington,C R, AU - Beswick,T C, AU - Leitenberger,J, AU - Minhajuddin,A, AU - Jacobe,H T, AU - Adinoff,B, PY - 2010/6/16/entrez PY - 2010/6/16/pubmed PY - 2011/4/30/medline SP - 33 EP - 8 JF - Clinical and experimental dermatology JO - Clin. Exp. Dermatol. VL - 36 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Frequent, purposeful exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light may induce a compulsive desire to tan despite the negative consequences being known, suggesting a behavioural complex similar to addictive disorders. AIM: To assess the presence of addictive-like behaviours in subjects using indoor tanning salons. METHODS: Subjects (n = 100) were surveyed by two questionnaires: a modified CAGE questionnaire to assess behaviours consistent with problem tanning and a modified Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) ('substance dependence' criteria) to assess behaviours consistent with a dependence-like disorder. RESULTS: In total, 41% of subjects met criteria consistent with a 'tanning addictive disorder', and an additional 33% met criteria for problematic tanning behaviour based on the modified CAGE criteria or subthreshold criteria on the modified DSM-IV criteria. Female gender and early age of onset were associated with meeting tanning addiction criteria. CONCLUSION: A high percentage of subjects who tan frequently in indoor salons experience behaviours and consequences to their tanning consistent with other identified addictive disorders. SN - 1365-2230 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20545951/Addictive_like_behaviours_to_ultraviolet_light_among_frequent_indoor_tanners_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2230.2010.03882.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -