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Are caloric beverages compensated for in the short-term by young adults? An investigation with particular focus on gender differences.
Appetite. 2010 Aug; 55(1):137-46.A

Abstract

The effect of liquid calories on short-term energy compensation is a topic that justifies further investigation. Whilst previous studies appear to vary widely in terms of protocol, design and outcomes, none have placed much focus on possible gender differences in compensation. This study investigated the impact of isocaloric (150kcal) portions of a sucrose sweetened fruit drink (SSD), orange juice (OJ) and semi-skimmed milk (M) on subjective hunger and food intake at a subsequent ad libitum buffet consisting of a large variety of foods, and compared their effects with a calorie free (artificially sweetened) fruit drink control (CTRL). Forty-seven young adults (24 females and 23 males) were provided a standard breakfast which was followed 3h later by the preload beverage and 1h later by lunch. Participants rated hunger, fullness and desire to eat throughout the study period. Compared to the CTRL, males demonstrated a good caloric compensation at lunch following all three treatment beverages, whilst females reduced food intake following M. Total energy intake (energy in preload+energy intake at lunch) by males was similar across all four beverage conditions whilst females showed an increased total energy intake following SSD compared to the CTRL. The study indicates that the consumption of caloric beverages may not be affecting total energy intake in males in the short-term even in the presence of a large selection of palatable foods. On the other hand, females appeared to show a possible dysregulation, which requires further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Functional Food Centre, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom. vranawana@brookes.ac.uk <vranawana@brookes.ac.uk>No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20546812

Citation

Ranawana, D V., and C J K. Henry. "Are Caloric Beverages Compensated for in the Short-term By Young Adults? an Investigation With Particular Focus On Gender Differences." Appetite, vol. 55, no. 1, 2010, pp. 137-46.
Ranawana DV, Henry CJ. Are caloric beverages compensated for in the short-term by young adults? An investigation with particular focus on gender differences. Appetite. 2010;55(1):137-46.
Ranawana, D. V., & Henry, C. J. (2010). Are caloric beverages compensated for in the short-term by young adults? An investigation with particular focus on gender differences. Appetite, 55(1), 137-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2010.05.046
Ranawana DV, Henry CJ. Are Caloric Beverages Compensated for in the Short-term By Young Adults? an Investigation With Particular Focus On Gender Differences. Appetite. 2010;55(1):137-46. PubMed PMID: 20546812.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Are caloric beverages compensated for in the short-term by young adults? An investigation with particular focus on gender differences. AU - Ranawana,D V, AU - Henry,C J K, Y1 - 2010/05/28/ PY - 2009/11/13/received PY - 2010/05/05/revised PY - 2010/05/15/accepted PY - 2010/6/16/entrez PY - 2010/6/16/pubmed PY - 2010/10/19/medline SP - 137 EP - 46 JF - Appetite JO - Appetite VL - 55 IS - 1 N2 - The effect of liquid calories on short-term energy compensation is a topic that justifies further investigation. Whilst previous studies appear to vary widely in terms of protocol, design and outcomes, none have placed much focus on possible gender differences in compensation. This study investigated the impact of isocaloric (150kcal) portions of a sucrose sweetened fruit drink (SSD), orange juice (OJ) and semi-skimmed milk (M) on subjective hunger and food intake at a subsequent ad libitum buffet consisting of a large variety of foods, and compared their effects with a calorie free (artificially sweetened) fruit drink control (CTRL). Forty-seven young adults (24 females and 23 males) were provided a standard breakfast which was followed 3h later by the preload beverage and 1h later by lunch. Participants rated hunger, fullness and desire to eat throughout the study period. Compared to the CTRL, males demonstrated a good caloric compensation at lunch following all three treatment beverages, whilst females reduced food intake following M. Total energy intake (energy in preload+energy intake at lunch) by males was similar across all four beverage conditions whilst females showed an increased total energy intake following SSD compared to the CTRL. The study indicates that the consumption of caloric beverages may not be affecting total energy intake in males in the short-term even in the presence of a large selection of palatable foods. On the other hand, females appeared to show a possible dysregulation, which requires further investigation. SN - 1095-8304 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20546812/Are_caloric_beverages_compensated_for_in_the_short_term_by_young_adults_An_investigation_with_particular_focus_on_gender_differences_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0195-6663(10)00367-3 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -