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Prevention and control of type 2 diabetes by Mediterranean diet: a systematic review.
Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2010; 89(2):97-102DR

Abstract

We conducted a systematic review of the available studies that assessed the effect of a Mediterranean diet in type 2 diabetes. We searched publications up to 30 November 2009. Seventeen studies were included. Two large prospective studies report a substantially lower risk (83% and 35%, respectively) of type 2 diabetes in healthy people or in post-infarct patients with the highest adherence to a Mediterranean diet. Five randomized controlled trials have evaluated the effects of a Mediterranean diet, as compared with other commonly used diets, on indices of glycaemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Improvement of fasting glucose and HbA1c levels was greater with a Mediterranean diet and ranged from 7 to 40mg/dl for fasting glucose, and from 0.1 to 0.6% for HbA1c. No trial reported worsening of glycaemic control with a Mediterranean diet. Two controlled trials in a secondary prevention setting demonstrated that post-infarct patients, including diabetic patients, had cardiovascular benefits from a Mediterranean diet. The evidence so far accumulated suggests that adopting a Mediterranean diet may help prevent type 2 diabetes, and also improve glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk in persons with established diabetes.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Geriatrics and Metabolic Diseases, Second University of Naples, Naples, Italy.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review
Systematic Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20546959

Citation

Esposito, Katherine, et al. "Prevention and Control of Type 2 Diabetes By Mediterranean Diet: a Systematic Review." Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 89, no. 2, 2010, pp. 97-102.
Esposito K, Maiorino MI, Ceriello A, et al. Prevention and control of type 2 diabetes by Mediterranean diet: a systematic review. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2010;89(2):97-102.
Esposito, K., Maiorino, M. I., Ceriello, A., & Giugliano, D. (2010). Prevention and control of type 2 diabetes by Mediterranean diet: a systematic review. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice, 89(2), pp. 97-102. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2010.04.019.
Esposito K, et al. Prevention and Control of Type 2 Diabetes By Mediterranean Diet: a Systematic Review. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2010;89(2):97-102. PubMed PMID: 20546959.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevention and control of type 2 diabetes by Mediterranean diet: a systematic review. AU - Esposito,Katherine, AU - Maiorino,Maria Ida, AU - Ceriello,Antonio, AU - Giugliano,Dario, Y1 - 2010/05/23/ PY - 2010/02/15/received PY - 2010/04/21/revised PY - 2010/04/26/accepted PY - 2010/6/16/entrez PY - 2010/6/16/pubmed PY - 2010/11/5/medline SP - 97 EP - 102 JF - Diabetes research and clinical practice JO - Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract. VL - 89 IS - 2 N2 - We conducted a systematic review of the available studies that assessed the effect of a Mediterranean diet in type 2 diabetes. We searched publications up to 30 November 2009. Seventeen studies were included. Two large prospective studies report a substantially lower risk (83% and 35%, respectively) of type 2 diabetes in healthy people or in post-infarct patients with the highest adherence to a Mediterranean diet. Five randomized controlled trials have evaluated the effects of a Mediterranean diet, as compared with other commonly used diets, on indices of glycaemic control in subjects with type 2 diabetes. Improvement of fasting glucose and HbA1c levels was greater with a Mediterranean diet and ranged from 7 to 40mg/dl for fasting glucose, and from 0.1 to 0.6% for HbA1c. No trial reported worsening of glycaemic control with a Mediterranean diet. Two controlled trials in a secondary prevention setting demonstrated that post-infarct patients, including diabetic patients, had cardiovascular benefits from a Mediterranean diet. The evidence so far accumulated suggests that adopting a Mediterranean diet may help prevent type 2 diabetes, and also improve glycaemic control and cardiovascular risk in persons with established diabetes. SN - 1872-8227 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20546959/Prevention_and_control_of_type_2_diabetes_by_Mediterranean_diet:_a_systematic_review_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0168-8227(10)00201-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -