The role of colesevelam hydrochloride in hypercholesterolemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus.Ann Pharmacother. 2010 Jul-Aug; 44(7-8):1196-206.AP
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of colesevelam hydrochloride for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Literature retrieval was accessed through MEDLINE/PubMed (1950-March 2010), Web of Science (1980-March 2010), and International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (1977-March 2010) using the terms colesevelam, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. References from publications identified were reviewed for additional resources. In addition, abstracts presented at the most recent (2009) American Diabetes Association, American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, and European Association for the Study of Diabetes annual meetings were searched for relevant original research.
STUDY SELECTION AND DATA EXTRACTION
All articles in English identified from the data sources were evaluated. All relevant studies evaluating the safety and efficacy of colesevelam in hypercholesterolemia and/or type 2 diabetes mellitus were included. Priority was placed on data obtained from human randomized controlled trials.
Seventeen clinical trials were reviewed and evaluated. Of the clinical trials evaluating colesevelam in hypercholesterolemia, 3 evaluated monotherapy, 4 evaluated combination therapy with hydroxymethylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, and 6 evaluated combination therapy with other lipid-lowering therapies. In the type 2 diabetes mellitus trials, colesevelam was evaluated in combination with metformin, sulfonylureas, insulin, and rosiglitazone and sitagliptin. A review of the clinical trials provided evidence that colesevelam monotherapy effectively reduces low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Additionally, the use of colesevelam in combination with other lipid-lowering therapies further reduces LDL-C. Colesevelam also effectively reduces hemoglobin A(1c) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. The safety and tolerability of colesevelam appear to be improved from that of older-generation bile acid sequestrants, with adverse effects similar to those with placebo in monotherapy and type 2 diabetes mellitus trials.
Colesevelam is a safe and effective option for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus. It can fulfill a useful role in combination with HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors for hypercholesterolemia and should be considered in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with concomitant hypercholesterolemia.