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Kinetic study on the inhibition of xanthine oxidase by extracts from two selected Algerian plants traditionally used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases.
J Med Food. 2010 Aug; 13(4):896-904.JM

Abstract

In order to further understand and assess the validity of herbal medicine, we investigated the potential inhibitory effect of various extracts from Fraxinus angustifolia and Pistacia lentiscus, two plants used traditionally in Algeria against several inflammatory diseases such as rheumatism, arthritis, and gout, on purified bovine milk xanthine oxidase (XO) activity. The total phenolic contents of the leaves and bark of F. angustifolia and the leaves and seeds of P. lentiscus were estimated. P. lentiscus aqueous fractions from hexane and chloroform extractions and F. angustifolia aqueous fraction from ethyl acetate extraction inhibited XO activity by 72.74 +/- 2.63% (50% inhibitory concentration [IC(50)] = 27.52 microg/mL), 68.97 +/- 3.89% (IC(50) = 42.46 microg/mL) and 53.92 +/- 3.17% (IC(50) = 58.84 mmicroug/mL), respectively, at 100 microg/mL, compared to that of reference drug, allopurinol (98.18% [IC(50) = 6.34 microg/mL]). Moreover, at a concentration of 50 microg/mL, both P. lentiscus extracts showed inhibition rates higher than 50%. F. angustifolia leaf extracts showed only mild inhibition. Lineweaver-Burk analysis showed that the inhibitory activity exerted by F. angustifolia bark aqueous extract and P. lentiscus aqueous extracts is of mixed type, whereas the leaf extracts from F. angustifolia inhibited XO noncompetitively. Positive correlations were established between XO inhibition and total phenols (r = 0.89) and flavonoids (r = 0.93) for P. lentiscus and with total phenols (r = 0.72) and tannins (r = 0.54) for F. angustifolia. Our findings suggest that the therapeutic use of these plants may be due to the observed XO inhibition, thereby supporting their use in traditional folk medicine against inflammatory-related diseases, in particular, gout.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry, Faculty of Life and Nature Sciences, University of Bejaia, Bejaia, Algeria.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20553185

Citation

Berboucha, Meriem, et al. "Kinetic Study On the Inhibition of Xanthine Oxidase By Extracts From Two Selected Algerian Plants Traditionally Used for the Treatment of Inflammatory Diseases." Journal of Medicinal Food, vol. 13, no. 4, 2010, pp. 896-904.
Berboucha M, Ayouni K, Atmani D, et al. Kinetic study on the inhibition of xanthine oxidase by extracts from two selected Algerian plants traditionally used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. J Med Food. 2010;13(4):896-904.
Berboucha, M., Ayouni, K., Atmani, D., Atmani, D., & Benboubetra, M. (2010). Kinetic study on the inhibition of xanthine oxidase by extracts from two selected Algerian plants traditionally used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Journal of Medicinal Food, 13(4), 896-904. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2009.0164
Berboucha M, et al. Kinetic Study On the Inhibition of Xanthine Oxidase By Extracts From Two Selected Algerian Plants Traditionally Used for the Treatment of Inflammatory Diseases. J Med Food. 2010;13(4):896-904. PubMed PMID: 20553185.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Kinetic study on the inhibition of xanthine oxidase by extracts from two selected Algerian plants traditionally used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. AU - Berboucha,Meriem, AU - Ayouni,Karima, AU - Atmani,Dina, AU - Atmani,Djebbar, AU - Benboubetra,Mustapha, PY - 2010/6/18/entrez PY - 2010/6/18/pubmed PY - 2010/12/14/medline SP - 896 EP - 904 JF - Journal of medicinal food JO - J Med Food VL - 13 IS - 4 N2 - In order to further understand and assess the validity of herbal medicine, we investigated the potential inhibitory effect of various extracts from Fraxinus angustifolia and Pistacia lentiscus, two plants used traditionally in Algeria against several inflammatory diseases such as rheumatism, arthritis, and gout, on purified bovine milk xanthine oxidase (XO) activity. The total phenolic contents of the leaves and bark of F. angustifolia and the leaves and seeds of P. lentiscus were estimated. P. lentiscus aqueous fractions from hexane and chloroform extractions and F. angustifolia aqueous fraction from ethyl acetate extraction inhibited XO activity by 72.74 +/- 2.63% (50% inhibitory concentration [IC(50)] = 27.52 microg/mL), 68.97 +/- 3.89% (IC(50) = 42.46 microg/mL) and 53.92 +/- 3.17% (IC(50) = 58.84 mmicroug/mL), respectively, at 100 microg/mL, compared to that of reference drug, allopurinol (98.18% [IC(50) = 6.34 microg/mL]). Moreover, at a concentration of 50 microg/mL, both P. lentiscus extracts showed inhibition rates higher than 50%. F. angustifolia leaf extracts showed only mild inhibition. Lineweaver-Burk analysis showed that the inhibitory activity exerted by F. angustifolia bark aqueous extract and P. lentiscus aqueous extracts is of mixed type, whereas the leaf extracts from F. angustifolia inhibited XO noncompetitively. Positive correlations were established between XO inhibition and total phenols (r = 0.89) and flavonoids (r = 0.93) for P. lentiscus and with total phenols (r = 0.72) and tannins (r = 0.54) for F. angustifolia. Our findings suggest that the therapeutic use of these plants may be due to the observed XO inhibition, thereby supporting their use in traditional folk medicine against inflammatory-related diseases, in particular, gout. SN - 1557-7600 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20553185/Kinetic_study_on_the_inhibition_of_xanthine_oxidase_by_extracts_from_two_selected_Algerian_plants_traditionally_used_for_the_treatment_of_inflammatory_diseases_ L2 - https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/jmf.2009.0164?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -