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School-level substance use: effects on early adolescents' alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use.
J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010 Jul; 71(4):488-95.JS

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

School-level use of tobacco and alcohol are related to individual students' use in high school, but few studies have examined the effects of school-level substance use in early adolescence. In addition, little is known about factors modifying individuals' vulnerability to school-level influences. This study examined school-wide levels of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in relation to early adolescents' substance use and the role of peer deviance and parenting practices as modifiers of school-level effects.

METHOD

This cross-sectional study included 542 students attending 49 public middle schools in a single metropolitan area. Students reported on their use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana, and friends' deviant behavior in the last 12 months. Parents provided information about parental nurturance and harsh and inconsistent discipline. School-wide levels of substance use were obtained from the Pride Surveys completed by all students in Grades 6-8 at each school. Multilevel logistic regressions modeled individual use as a function of school-level use for each substance. Interactions of friends' deviance and poor parenting with school-level substance use evaluated differential susceptibility.

RESULTS

Among the three substances, only school-level rates of cigarette smoking were associated with individual smoking. The relationships of school-level smoking and alcohol use with individual use were stronger for students whose parents reported poorer parenting practices.

CONCLUSIONS

Antismoking programs may need to preferentially target middle schools with high rates of cigarette smoking. Students who receive suboptimal parenting may benefit from increased support to deter them from early initiation of smoking and alcohol use, especially in high-risk schools.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, CH 415, 1530 3rd Avenue South, Birmingham, Alabama 35294-1170, USA. smrug@uab.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20557827

Citation

Mrug, Sylvie, et al. "School-level Substance Use: Effects On Early Adolescents' Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use." Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, vol. 71, no. 4, 2010, pp. 488-95.
Mrug S, Gaines J, Su W, et al. School-level substance use: effects on early adolescents' alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010;71(4):488-95.
Mrug, S., Gaines, J., Su, W., & Windle, M. (2010). School-level substance use: effects on early adolescents' alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. Journal of Studies On Alcohol and Drugs, 71(4), 488-95.
Mrug S, et al. School-level Substance Use: Effects On Early Adolescents' Alcohol, Tobacco, and Marijuana Use. J Stud Alcohol Drugs. 2010;71(4):488-95. PubMed PMID: 20557827.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - School-level substance use: effects on early adolescents' alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use. AU - Mrug,Sylvie, AU - Gaines,Joanna, AU - Su,Wei, AU - Windle,Michael, PY - 2010/6/19/entrez PY - 2010/6/19/pubmed PY - 2011/3/9/medline SP - 488 EP - 95 JF - Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs JO - J Stud Alcohol Drugs VL - 71 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVE: School-level use of tobacco and alcohol are related to individual students' use in high school, but few studies have examined the effects of school-level substance use in early adolescence. In addition, little is known about factors modifying individuals' vulnerability to school-level influences. This study examined school-wide levels of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use in relation to early adolescents' substance use and the role of peer deviance and parenting practices as modifiers of school-level effects. METHOD: This cross-sectional study included 542 students attending 49 public middle schools in a single metropolitan area. Students reported on their use of alcohol, cigarettes, and marijuana, and friends' deviant behavior in the last 12 months. Parents provided information about parental nurturance and harsh and inconsistent discipline. School-wide levels of substance use were obtained from the Pride Surveys completed by all students in Grades 6-8 at each school. Multilevel logistic regressions modeled individual use as a function of school-level use for each substance. Interactions of friends' deviance and poor parenting with school-level substance use evaluated differential susceptibility. RESULTS: Among the three substances, only school-level rates of cigarette smoking were associated with individual smoking. The relationships of school-level smoking and alcohol use with individual use were stronger for students whose parents reported poorer parenting practices. CONCLUSIONS: Antismoking programs may need to preferentially target middle schools with high rates of cigarette smoking. Students who receive suboptimal parenting may benefit from increased support to deter them from early initiation of smoking and alcohol use, especially in high-risk schools. SN - 1938-4114 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20557827/School_level_substance_use:_effects_on_early_adolescents'_alcohol_tobacco_and_marijuana_use_ L2 - https://www.jsad.com/doi/abs/10.15288/jsad.2010.71.488 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -