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Mediterranean diet and asthma in Spanish schoolchildren.
Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2010 Nov; 21(7):1021-7.PA

Abstract

There is still debate on the effect of dietetic factors on the prevalence or severity of asthma, as well as the interaction with other factors. We have analysed the prevalence and severity of asthma according to adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), its association with obesity and family life style. We performed a cross-sectional study on 14,700 children and adolescents in six health areas in our region. We used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire to collect asthma symptoms, dietary habits, anthropometric parameters, parental smoking habits and maternal education level. The diet pattern was analysed using a Mediterranean Diet Score. In the logistic regression we analysed the influence of adhering to the MD on the prevalence and severity of asthma, adjusted for the other parameters included. Greater adherence to the MD is associated with a higher risk of severe asthma (odds ratios = 2.26, 95% CI: 1.21-4.22) in girls of 6-7 yr. There was no significant relationship for the other asthma categories in the population studied. The results of our study do not support a protective effect of the MD on the prevalence or severity of asthma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Respiratory Diseases, Hospital de Pontevedra, A Coruña, Spain. fjgbarcala@telefonica.netNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20561232

Citation

Gonzalez Barcala, F J., et al. "Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Spanish Schoolchildren." Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, vol. 21, no. 7, 2010, pp. 1021-7.
Gonzalez Barcala FJ, Pertega S, Bamonde L, et al. Mediterranean diet and asthma in Spanish schoolchildren. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2010;21(7):1021-7.
Gonzalez Barcala, F. J., Pertega, S., Bamonde, L., Garnelo, L., Perez Castro, T., Sampedro, M., Sanchez Lastres, J., San Jose Gonzalez, M. A., & Lopez Silvarrey, A. (2010). Mediterranean diet and asthma in Spanish schoolchildren. Pediatric Allergy and Immunology : Official Publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, 21(7), 1021-7. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2010.01080.x
Gonzalez Barcala FJ, et al. Mediterranean Diet and Asthma in Spanish Schoolchildren. Pediatr Allergy Immunol. 2010;21(7):1021-7. PubMed PMID: 20561232.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mediterranean diet and asthma in Spanish schoolchildren. AU - Gonzalez Barcala,F J, AU - Pertega,S, AU - Bamonde,L, AU - Garnelo,L, AU - Perez Castro,T, AU - Sampedro,M, AU - Sanchez Lastres,J, AU - San Jose Gonzalez,M A, AU - Lopez Silvarrey,A, PY - 2010/6/22/entrez PY - 2010/6/22/pubmed PY - 2011/5/18/medline SP - 1021 EP - 7 JF - Pediatric allergy and immunology : official publication of the European Society of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology JO - Pediatr Allergy Immunol VL - 21 IS - 7 N2 - There is still debate on the effect of dietetic factors on the prevalence or severity of asthma, as well as the interaction with other factors. We have analysed the prevalence and severity of asthma according to adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD), its association with obesity and family life style. We performed a cross-sectional study on 14,700 children and adolescents in six health areas in our region. We used the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire to collect asthma symptoms, dietary habits, anthropometric parameters, parental smoking habits and maternal education level. The diet pattern was analysed using a Mediterranean Diet Score. In the logistic regression we analysed the influence of adhering to the MD on the prevalence and severity of asthma, adjusted for the other parameters included. Greater adherence to the MD is associated with a higher risk of severe asthma (odds ratios = 2.26, 95% CI: 1.21-4.22) in girls of 6-7 yr. There was no significant relationship for the other asthma categories in the population studied. The results of our study do not support a protective effect of the MD on the prevalence or severity of asthma. SN - 1399-3038 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20561232/Mediterranean_diet_and_asthma_in_Spanish_schoolchildren_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1399-3038.2010.01080.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -