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Intraocular pressure and related systemic and ocular biometric factors in a population-based study in Japan: the Kumejima study.
Am J Ophthalmol 2010; 150(2):279-86AJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

To examine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its related systemic and ocular biometric factors in a population-based study in a southwestern island of Japan.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional, population-based study.

METHODS

All residents of Kumejima Island, Japan, located in southwestern Japan (eastern longitude, 126 degrees 48 minutes and northern latitude 26 degrees 20 minutes), 40 years of age and older were asked to undergo a comprehensive questionnaire and ocular examination, including measurement of IOP with Goldmann applanation tonometry.

RESULTS

Of the 4632 eligible residents, 3762 (81.2%) underwent the examination. In 2838 non-glaucomatous subjects from whom reliable measurements of IOP were obtained, the mean IOPs +/- standard deviation in all, men, and women were 15.1 +/- 3.1 mm Hg (n = 2838), 15.2 +/- 3.1 mm Hg (n = 1450), and 15.1 +/- 3.0 mm Hg (n = 1388), respectively, with no significant intersex difference (P = .63). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that higher IOP was significantly correlated with younger age (P < .001), higher body mass index (P < .001), higher systolic blood pressure (P < .001), history of diabetes mellitus (P = .001), thicker central corneal thickness (P < .001), steeper corneal curvature (P < .001), and longer axial length (P < .018), but not with anterior chamber depth and the Shaffer angle width grade.

CONCLUSIONS

Younger age, higher body mass index, higher systolic blood pressure, diabetes, thicker central corneal thickness, and steeper corneal curvature were significantly correlated with higher IOP. The present results confirm that IOP is associated with systemic and ocular biometric factors and may define specific subgroups most likely to have an elevated IOP.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, University of the Ryukyus Faculty of Medicine, Okinawa, Japan.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20570236

Citation

Tomoyose, Eriko, et al. "Intraocular Pressure and Related Systemic and Ocular Biometric Factors in a Population-based Study in Japan: the Kumejima Study." American Journal of Ophthalmology, vol. 150, no. 2, 2010, pp. 279-86.
Tomoyose E, Higa A, Sakai H, et al. Intraocular pressure and related systemic and ocular biometric factors in a population-based study in Japan: the Kumejima study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010;150(2):279-86.
Tomoyose, E., Higa, A., Sakai, H., Sawaguchi, S., Iwase, A., Tomidokoro, A., ... Araie, M. (2010). Intraocular pressure and related systemic and ocular biometric factors in a population-based study in Japan: the Kumejima study. American Journal of Ophthalmology, 150(2), pp. 279-86. doi:10.1016/j.ajo.2010.03.009.
Tomoyose E, et al. Intraocular Pressure and Related Systemic and Ocular Biometric Factors in a Population-based Study in Japan: the Kumejima Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2010;150(2):279-86. PubMed PMID: 20570236.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intraocular pressure and related systemic and ocular biometric factors in a population-based study in Japan: the Kumejima study. AU - Tomoyose,Eriko, AU - Higa,Akiko, AU - Sakai,Hiroshi, AU - Sawaguchi,Shoichi, AU - Iwase,Aiko, AU - Tomidokoro,Atsuo, AU - Amano,Shiro, AU - Araie,Makoto, Y1 - 2010/06/08/ PY - 2009/09/07/received PY - 2010/03/12/revised PY - 2010/03/16/accepted PY - 2010/6/24/entrez PY - 2010/6/24/pubmed PY - 2010/8/14/medline SP - 279 EP - 86 JF - American journal of ophthalmology JO - Am. J. Ophthalmol. VL - 150 IS - 2 N2 - PURPOSE: To examine the distribution of intraocular pressure (IOP) and its related systemic and ocular biometric factors in a population-based study in a southwestern island of Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based study. METHODS: All residents of Kumejima Island, Japan, located in southwestern Japan (eastern longitude, 126 degrees 48 minutes and northern latitude 26 degrees 20 minutes), 40 years of age and older were asked to undergo a comprehensive questionnaire and ocular examination, including measurement of IOP with Goldmann applanation tonometry. RESULTS: Of the 4632 eligible residents, 3762 (81.2%) underwent the examination. In 2838 non-glaucomatous subjects from whom reliable measurements of IOP were obtained, the mean IOPs +/- standard deviation in all, men, and women were 15.1 +/- 3.1 mm Hg (n = 2838), 15.2 +/- 3.1 mm Hg (n = 1450), and 15.1 +/- 3.0 mm Hg (n = 1388), respectively, with no significant intersex difference (P = .63). Multivariate regression analysis demonstrated that higher IOP was significantly correlated with younger age (P < .001), higher body mass index (P < .001), higher systolic blood pressure (P < .001), history of diabetes mellitus (P = .001), thicker central corneal thickness (P < .001), steeper corneal curvature (P < .001), and longer axial length (P < .018), but not with anterior chamber depth and the Shaffer angle width grade. CONCLUSIONS: Younger age, higher body mass index, higher systolic blood pressure, diabetes, thicker central corneal thickness, and steeper corneal curvature were significantly correlated with higher IOP. The present results confirm that IOP is associated with systemic and ocular biometric factors and may define specific subgroups most likely to have an elevated IOP. SN - 1879-1891 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20570236/Intraocular_pressure_and_related_systemic_and_ocular_biometric_factors_in_a_population_based_study_in_Japan:_the_Kumejima_study_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-9394(10)00223-0 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -