Outcomes after differential use of drug-eluting stents in diabetic patients: 1-year results from the DES.DE (Drug-Eluting Stent.DEutschland) registry.Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Jul 01; 76(1):50-7.CC
The prospective multicenter German DES.DE registry provides real world data to evaluate the therapeutic principle of two different drug-eluting stents (DES) [Sirolimus- (SES) and Paclitaxel-eluting stent (PES)] in the context of the German Health System.
Differential DES have been effective in randomized trials, but their difference in safety and efficacy in diabetic patients has not been well studied.
Baseline, predefined procedural as well as clinical in-hospital and follow-up events were recorded for all 1,526 diabetic patients. The composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), and stroke defined as major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and target vessel revascularization (TVR) were defined as primary endpoints.
Between October 2005 and October 2006, 1,526 diabetic patients, 34.2% of them being insulin-dependent, were enrolled (SES: n = 612; PES: n = 914) at 98 DES.DE sites. Overall, one third of patients were admitted with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 70% had multivessel-disease reflecting a real world scenario. With similar baseline clinical and descriptive morphology of coronary artery disease (CAD) in both DES groups, there were no statistical differences in 1-year follow-up with respect to rates of overall mortality (5.8% vs. 5.4%), TVR (12.0% vs. 11.3%), overall stent thrombosis (5.6% vs. 4.6%) and MACCE (11.4% vs. 10.3%) between both DES.
The data collected in DES.DE revealed no differences in clinical outcomes within 1 year between SES and PES in diabetic patients in a "real-world" setting.