Hans Loewald and the transformation of passion.Psychoanal Study Child 2009; 64:3-13PS
Loewald's writing is notable for its musicality as well as for its content. In this article, possible early determinants of this salient aspect of his work are discussed. The intensity of Loewald's regard for Freud and, in particular, his attentiveness to Freud's language are explored. Loewald's views on the legitimacy of transference as an ongoing aspect of human motivation is discussed, along with the possible emergence in Loewald's own writing of transferences toward Freud--both oedipal level conflicts regarding parricide and preoedipal concerns regarding unity and separation. Sublimation, a process Loewald viewed as an extension of internalization, is seen as foundational to his achievement.