Coumarins incorporating hydroxy- and chloro-moieties selectively inhibit the transmembrane, tumor-associated carbonic anhydrase isoforms IX and XII over the cytosolic ones I and II.Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010 Aug 01; 20(15):4511-4.BM
A series of coumarins incorporating hydroxy-, chloro- and/or chloromethyl-moieties in positions 3-, 4-, 6- and 7- of the heterocyclic ring were investigated for the inhibition of the zinc enzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 188.8.131.52). These coumarins were very weak or ineffective as inhibitors of the house-keeping, offtarget isoforms CA I and II, but showed effective, submicromolar inhibition of the transmembrane, tumor-associated isoforms CA IX and XII. The nature and position of the groups substituting the coumarin ring greatly influenced CA inhibitory properties. 6-Hydroxycoumarin showed K(I)s >100 microM against CA I and II, of 0.198 microM against CA IX and of 0.683 microM against CA XII, being thus a selective, efficient inhibitor for the tumor-associated over cytosolic isoforms. These compounds are also excellent leads for designing isoform-selective enzyme inhibitors.