Spatial mobility, alcohol use, sexual behavior and sexual health among males in India.AIDS Behav. 2010 Aug; 14 Suppl 1:S18-30.AB
This paper examines the linkages of permanent migration, temporary mobility and alcohol consumption with risky sexual behavior and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV infection among males in India using a nationally representative dataset. The study shows that non-migrant men and migrant men do not differ significantly in any indicator of risky sexual behavior and STIs. Temporary long duration mobile men reported significantly more often than the non-mobile men or short duration mobile men that they had sex with multiple sex partners during their lifetime as well as sex with a high risk partner and had paid sex in the 12 months preceding the survey. Males who drank alcohol almost every day notwithstanding with their migration or mobility status were most prone to lifelong as well as more recent sexual risk behavior. Controlling for sociodemographic characteristics long duration mobile men and men who used alcohol almost daily had higher sexual risk behaviors and STI infections. Further migration and mobility did not show any significant relationship with tested HIV prevalence among males in India, controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. Males who had lifetime multiple sex partners were at the highest risk of tested HIV infection controlling for sociodemographic characteristics, migration, mobility, alcohol use and STI infection. Interventions focusing on HIV prevention in India need to target both non-migrant and migrant men, particularly those who drink alcohol more frequently or daily. Targeted interventions are required for temporary mobile men, particularly for those mobile men who have to stay away from their homes continuously for a longer duration. Long duration mobile men are most prone to regular alcohol use and risky sexual behavior.