Bcl-2 overexpression in hepatic stellate cell line CFSC-2G, induces a pro-fibrotic state.J Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2010 Jul; 25(7):1306-14.JG
BACKGROUND AND AIM
Development of hepatic fibrosis is a complex process that involves oxidative stress (OS) and an altered balance between pro- and anti-apoptotic molecules. Since Bcl-2 overexpression preserves viability against OS, our objective was to address the effect of Bcl-2 overexpression in the hepatic stellate cells (HSC) cell-line CFSC-2G under acetaldehyde and H(2)O(2) challenge, and explore if it protects these cells against OS, induces replicative senescence and/or modify extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling potential.
To induce Bcl-2 overexpression, HSC cell line CFSC-2G was transfected by lipofection technique. Green fluorescent protein-only CFSC-2G cells were used as a control. Cell survival after H(2)O(2) treatment and total protein oxidation were assessed. To determine cell cycle arrest, proliferation-rate, DNA synthesis and senescence were assessed. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP), tissue-inhibitor of MMP (TIMP), transglutaminases (TG) and smooth muscle a-actin (alpha-SMA) were evaluated by western blot in response to acetaldehyde treatment as markers of ECM remodeling capacity in addition to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) mRNA.
Cells overexpressing Bcl-2 survived approximately 20% more than control cells when exposed to H(2)O(2) and approximately 35% proteins were protected from oxidation, but Bcl-2 did not slow proliferation or induced senescence. Bcl-2 overexpression did not change alpha-SMA levels, but it increased TIMP-1 (55%), tissue transglutaminases (tTG) (25%) and TGF-beta mRNA (49%), when exposed to acetaldehyde, while MMP-13 content decreased (47%).
Bcl-2 overexpression protected HSC against oxidative stress but it did not induce replicative senescence. It increased TIMP-1, tTG and TGF-beta mRNA levels and decreased MMP-13 content, suggesting that Bcl-2 overexpression may play a key role in the progression of fibrosis in chronic liver diseases.