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Haemodynamic significance of incompetent calf perforating veins.
Br J Surg. 1991 May; 78(5):625-9.BJ

Abstract

A total of 149 consecutive unselected patients (221 limbs) who presented with signs and symptoms of chronic venous problems (varicose veins with or without ankle oedema, skin changes and leg ulcers) have been studied by clinical examination, ascending deep to superficial venography, Doppler ultrasound and ambulatory venous pressure measurements. Of the limbs, 180 (82 per cent) had varicose veins without obstruction in the deep veins or reflux in the popliteal or femoral veins while 41 (18 per cent) had deep venous disease. Of the 180 limbs with 'primary' varicose veins 110 (60 per cent) did not have incompetent calf perforating veins (group A) while 70 (40 per cent) did (group B). On the basis of the ambulatory venous pressure after calf muscle exercise and the refilling time, the incompetent calf perforating veins of limbs in group B belonged to three subgroups of different haemodynamic significance. In 20 limbs (30 per cent) they were found to be of no haemodynamic significance, in 25 (35 per cent) of moderate haemodynamic significance and in 25 (35 per cent) of major haemodynamic significance. The last were, on clinical examination, indistinguishable from limbs with deep venous disease although they had patent deep veins with competent popliteal valves.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Irvine Laboratory for Cardiovascular Investigation and Research, St. Mary's Hospital Medical School, London, UK.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

2059821

Citation

Zukowski, A J., et al. "Haemodynamic Significance of Incompetent Calf Perforating Veins." The British Journal of Surgery, vol. 78, no. 5, 1991, pp. 625-9.
Zukowski AJ, Nicolaides AN, Szendro G, et al. Haemodynamic significance of incompetent calf perforating veins. Br J Surg. 1991;78(5):625-9.
Zukowski, A. J., Nicolaides, A. N., Szendro, G., Irvine, A., Lewis, R., Malouf, G. M., Hobbs, J. T., & Dudley, H. A. (1991). Haemodynamic significance of incompetent calf perforating veins. The British Journal of Surgery, 78(5), 625-9.
Zukowski AJ, et al. Haemodynamic Significance of Incompetent Calf Perforating Veins. Br J Surg. 1991;78(5):625-9. PubMed PMID: 2059821.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Haemodynamic significance of incompetent calf perforating veins. AU - Zukowski,A J, AU - Nicolaides,A N, AU - Szendro,G, AU - Irvine,A, AU - Lewis,R, AU - Malouf,G M, AU - Hobbs,J T, AU - Dudley,H A, PY - 1991/5/1/pubmed PY - 1991/5/1/medline PY - 1991/5/1/entrez SP - 625 EP - 9 JF - The British journal of surgery JO - Br J Surg VL - 78 IS - 5 N2 - A total of 149 consecutive unselected patients (221 limbs) who presented with signs and symptoms of chronic venous problems (varicose veins with or without ankle oedema, skin changes and leg ulcers) have been studied by clinical examination, ascending deep to superficial venography, Doppler ultrasound and ambulatory venous pressure measurements. Of the limbs, 180 (82 per cent) had varicose veins without obstruction in the deep veins or reflux in the popliteal or femoral veins while 41 (18 per cent) had deep venous disease. Of the 180 limbs with 'primary' varicose veins 110 (60 per cent) did not have incompetent calf perforating veins (group A) while 70 (40 per cent) did (group B). On the basis of the ambulatory venous pressure after calf muscle exercise and the refilling time, the incompetent calf perforating veins of limbs in group B belonged to three subgroups of different haemodynamic significance. In 20 limbs (30 per cent) they were found to be of no haemodynamic significance, in 25 (35 per cent) of moderate haemodynamic significance and in 25 (35 per cent) of major haemodynamic significance. The last were, on clinical examination, indistinguishable from limbs with deep venous disease although they had patent deep veins with competent popliteal valves. SN - 0007-1323 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/2059821/Haemodynamic_significance_of_incompetent_calf_perforating_veins_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/bjs/article-lookup/doi/10.1002/bjs.1800780532 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -