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Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii in domestic pigs from Spain.
Parasitol Int. 2010 Sep; 59(3):421-6.PI

Abstract

Serum samples from 2970 (1400 sows, 1570 fattening) pigs, from 100 farms in the 10 main swine production regions in Spain were tested for antibodies against T. gondii by the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies to T. gondii (MAT 1:25 or higher) were detected in 492 pigs (16.6%, 9.7% in fattening pigs and 24.2% in sows). The herd prevalence was 85.0% (95% CI: 78-92) and within-farm prevalence ranged from 2.9% to 92.8% (median=17.6%). Statistically significant differences were observed among sampling regions with seroprevalence significantly higher in pigs from Valencia Community (27.3%), Extremadura (23.3%) and Catalonia (21.2%). A generalized estimating equations model indicated that the risk factors associated with T. gondii seroprevalence were: age, sows compared to fattening pigs (OR=2.9; 95% CI=1.83-4.53), lack of rodent control (OR=1.9; 95% CI=1.04-3.60) and presence of cats (OR=1.6; 95% CI=1.12-2.34). The seroprevalence observed in the present study indicates a widespread, although variable, exposure to T. gondii among domestic pigs in Spain, which might have important implications for public health. Management measures including control of rodents and cats on the farms could help to reduce the observed prevalence levels in Spain.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Departamento de Sanidad Animal, Facultad de Veterinaria, UCO, Campus Universitarios de Rabanales, Apdo., Córdoba, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20601110

Citation

García-Bocanegra, Ignacio, et al. "Seroprevalence and Risk Factors Associated With Toxoplasma Gondii in Domestic Pigs From Spain." Parasitology International, vol. 59, no. 3, 2010, pp. 421-6.
García-Bocanegra I, Simon-Grifé M, Dubey JP, et al. Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii in domestic pigs from Spain. Parasitol Int. 2010;59(3):421-6.
García-Bocanegra, I., Simon-Grifé, M., Dubey, J. P., Casal, J., Martín, G. E., Cabezón, O., Perea, A., & Almería, S. (2010). Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii in domestic pigs from Spain. Parasitology International, 59(3), 421-6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parint.2010.06.001
García-Bocanegra I, et al. Seroprevalence and Risk Factors Associated With Toxoplasma Gondii in Domestic Pigs From Spain. Parasitol Int. 2010;59(3):421-6. PubMed PMID: 20601110.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Seroprevalence and risk factors associated with Toxoplasma gondii in domestic pigs from Spain. AU - García-Bocanegra,Ignacio, AU - Simon-Grifé,Meritxell, AU - Dubey,Jitender P, AU - Casal,Jordi, AU - Martín,Gerard E, AU - Cabezón,Oscar, AU - Perea,Anselmo, AU - Almería,Sonia, Y1 - 2010/06/18/ PY - 2010/02/22/received PY - 2010/06/02/revised PY - 2010/06/02/accepted PY - 2010/7/6/entrez PY - 2010/7/6/pubmed PY - 2010/12/14/medline SP - 421 EP - 6 JF - Parasitology international JO - Parasitol Int VL - 59 IS - 3 N2 - Serum samples from 2970 (1400 sows, 1570 fattening) pigs, from 100 farms in the 10 main swine production regions in Spain were tested for antibodies against T. gondii by the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies to T. gondii (MAT 1:25 or higher) were detected in 492 pigs (16.6%, 9.7% in fattening pigs and 24.2% in sows). The herd prevalence was 85.0% (95% CI: 78-92) and within-farm prevalence ranged from 2.9% to 92.8% (median=17.6%). Statistically significant differences were observed among sampling regions with seroprevalence significantly higher in pigs from Valencia Community (27.3%), Extremadura (23.3%) and Catalonia (21.2%). A generalized estimating equations model indicated that the risk factors associated with T. gondii seroprevalence were: age, sows compared to fattening pigs (OR=2.9; 95% CI=1.83-4.53), lack of rodent control (OR=1.9; 95% CI=1.04-3.60) and presence of cats (OR=1.6; 95% CI=1.12-2.34). The seroprevalence observed in the present study indicates a widespread, although variable, exposure to T. gondii among domestic pigs in Spain, which might have important implications for public health. Management measures including control of rodents and cats on the farms could help to reduce the observed prevalence levels in Spain. SN - 1873-0329 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20601110/Seroprevalence_and_risk_factors_associated_with_Toxoplasma_gondii_in_domestic_pigs_from_Spain_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1383-5769(10)00098-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -