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Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents: a population-based study.
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010 Jul; 67(7):720-8.AG

Abstract

CONTEXT

To our knowledge, no population study examining psychosocial and psychiatric risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents exists.

OBJECTIVE

To study cross-sectional associations between cyberbullying and psychiatric and psychosomatic problems among adolescents.

DESIGN

Population-based cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Finland.

PARTICIPANTS

The sample consists of 2215 Finnish adolescents aged 13 to 16 years with complete information about cyberbullying and cybervictimization.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Self-reports of cyberbullying and cybervictimization during the past 6 months.

RESULTS

In the total sample, 4.8% were cybervictims only, 7.4% were cyberbullies only, and 5.4% were cyberbully-victims. Cybervictim-only status was associated with living in a family with other than 2 biological parents, perceived difficulties, emotional and peer problems, headache, recurrent abdominal pain, sleeping difficulties, and not feeling safe at school. Cyberbully-only status was associated with perceived difficulties, hyperactivity, conduct problems, low prosocial behavior, frequent smoking and drunkenness, headache, and not feeling safe at school. Cyberbully-victim status was associated with all of these risk factors. Among cybervictims, being cyberbullied by a same-sex or opposite-sex adult, by an unknown person, and by a group of people were associated with fear for safety, indicating possible trauma.

CONCLUSIONS

Both cyberbullying and cybervictimization are associated with psychiatric and psychosomatic problems. The most troubled are those who are both cyberbullies and cybervictims. This indicates the need for new strategies for cyberbullying prevention and intervention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Child Psychiatry, Turku University Hospital, 20520 Turku, Finland. andre.sourander@utu.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20603453

Citation

Sourander, Andre, et al. "Psychosocial Risk Factors Associated With Cyberbullying Among Adolescents: a Population-based Study." Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 67, no. 7, 2010, pp. 720-8.
Sourander A, Brunstein Klomek A, Ikonen M, et al. Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents: a population-based study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(7):720-8.
Sourander, A., Brunstein Klomek, A., Ikonen, M., Lindroos, J., Luntamo, T., Koskelainen, M., Ristkari, T., & Helenius, H. (2010). Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents: a population-based study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67(7), 720-8. https://doi.org/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.79
Sourander A, et al. Psychosocial Risk Factors Associated With Cyberbullying Among Adolescents: a Population-based Study. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2010;67(7):720-8. PubMed PMID: 20603453.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Psychosocial risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents: a population-based study. AU - Sourander,Andre, AU - Brunstein Klomek,Anat, AU - Ikonen,Maria, AU - Lindroos,Jarna, AU - Luntamo,Terhi, AU - Koskelainen,Merja, AU - Ristkari,Terja, AU - Helenius,Hans, PY - 2010/7/7/entrez PY - 2010/7/7/pubmed PY - 2010/7/27/medline SP - 720 EP - 8 JF - Archives of general psychiatry JO - Arch Gen Psychiatry VL - 67 IS - 7 N2 - CONTEXT: To our knowledge, no population study examining psychosocial and psychiatric risk factors associated with cyberbullying among adolescents exists. OBJECTIVE: To study cross-sectional associations between cyberbullying and psychiatric and psychosomatic problems among adolescents. DESIGN: Population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Finland. PARTICIPANTS: The sample consists of 2215 Finnish adolescents aged 13 to 16 years with complete information about cyberbullying and cybervictimization. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Self-reports of cyberbullying and cybervictimization during the past 6 months. RESULTS: In the total sample, 4.8% were cybervictims only, 7.4% were cyberbullies only, and 5.4% were cyberbully-victims. Cybervictim-only status was associated with living in a family with other than 2 biological parents, perceived difficulties, emotional and peer problems, headache, recurrent abdominal pain, sleeping difficulties, and not feeling safe at school. Cyberbully-only status was associated with perceived difficulties, hyperactivity, conduct problems, low prosocial behavior, frequent smoking and drunkenness, headache, and not feeling safe at school. Cyberbully-victim status was associated with all of these risk factors. Among cybervictims, being cyberbullied by a same-sex or opposite-sex adult, by an unknown person, and by a group of people were associated with fear for safety, indicating possible trauma. CONCLUSIONS: Both cyberbullying and cybervictimization are associated with psychiatric and psychosomatic problems. The most troubled are those who are both cyberbullies and cybervictims. This indicates the need for new strategies for cyberbullying prevention and intervention. SN - 1538-3636 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20603453/Psychosocial_risk_factors_associated_with_cyberbullying_among_adolescents:_a_population_based_study_ L2 - https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2010.79 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -