Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

The influence of periodized resistance training on strength changes in men and women.
J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Mar; 25(3):735-44.JS

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to contrast the response of previously resistance-trained male and female recreational athletes with a traditionally periodized resistance training program. Sixty subjects (age = 22.8 ± 4.5 years) were assigned to 3 groups: male training (MT), n = 20; female training (FT), n = 20; and control, n = 20 (men, n = 10; women, n = 10). The MT and FT groups completed 12 weeks of traditional periodized strength training, with strength testing at baseline and at weeks 8 and 12. The training programs were identical (e.g., rest time, exercises, volume, and intensity) in both groups. In weeks 1 and 2, the FT and MT groups were trained 3 d·wk (324 repetitions [reps]·wk) and thereafter 4 d·wk (mean 642 reps·wk). The mean volume and intensity over the 12 weeks was 571 reps·wk and 69.7% of 1 repetition maximum. Results indicated that the men were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) stronger in absolute terms at baseline and at weeks 8 and 12. The FT group (increase = 26.2% at week 8 and 38.1% at week 12) made significantly (p ≤ 0.05) greater percent increases in strength than the MT group (increase = 17.7% at week 8 and 28.0% at week 12). The FT and MT groups made significant (p ≤ 0.05) changes in relative strength at all time points, but the MT group demonstrated greater relative strength on lateral pull-down and dumbbell shoulder press. In practical terms, the men were absolutely stronger than the women, but the women were more responsive to the periodized resistance training program. Twelve weeks of traditionally periodized resistance training induced meaningful strength gains in women (≥ 30%) and men (≥ 25%) with prior (approximately 11 months) nonperiodized resistance training experience.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Exercise Physiology Laboratory, Department of Social Sciences, Augustana Faculty, University of Alberta, Camrose, Alberta, Canada. rob.kell@ualberta.ca

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20613654

Citation

Kell, Robert T.. "The Influence of Periodized Resistance Training On Strength Changes in Men and Women." Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 25, no. 3, 2011, pp. 735-44.
Kell RT. The influence of periodized resistance training on strength changes in men and women. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(3):735-44.
Kell, R. T. (2011). The influence of periodized resistance training on strength changes in men and women. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25(3), 735-44. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c69f22
Kell RT. The Influence of Periodized Resistance Training On Strength Changes in Men and Women. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(3):735-44. PubMed PMID: 20613654.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of periodized resistance training on strength changes in men and women. A1 - Kell,Robert T, PY - 2010/7/9/entrez PY - 2010/7/9/pubmed PY - 2011/7/14/medline SP - 735 EP - 44 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 25 IS - 3 N2 - The purpose of this study was to contrast the response of previously resistance-trained male and female recreational athletes with a traditionally periodized resistance training program. Sixty subjects (age = 22.8 ± 4.5 years) were assigned to 3 groups: male training (MT), n = 20; female training (FT), n = 20; and control, n = 20 (men, n = 10; women, n = 10). The MT and FT groups completed 12 weeks of traditional periodized strength training, with strength testing at baseline and at weeks 8 and 12. The training programs were identical (e.g., rest time, exercises, volume, and intensity) in both groups. In weeks 1 and 2, the FT and MT groups were trained 3 d·wk (324 repetitions [reps]·wk) and thereafter 4 d·wk (mean 642 reps·wk). The mean volume and intensity over the 12 weeks was 571 reps·wk and 69.7% of 1 repetition maximum. Results indicated that the men were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) stronger in absolute terms at baseline and at weeks 8 and 12. The FT group (increase = 26.2% at week 8 and 38.1% at week 12) made significantly (p ≤ 0.05) greater percent increases in strength than the MT group (increase = 17.7% at week 8 and 28.0% at week 12). The FT and MT groups made significant (p ≤ 0.05) changes in relative strength at all time points, but the MT group demonstrated greater relative strength on lateral pull-down and dumbbell shoulder press. In practical terms, the men were absolutely stronger than the women, but the women were more responsive to the periodized resistance training program. Twelve weeks of traditionally periodized resistance training induced meaningful strength gains in women (≥ 30%) and men (≥ 25%) with prior (approximately 11 months) nonperiodized resistance training experience. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20613654/The_influence_of_periodized_resistance_training_on_strength_changes_in_men_and_women_ L2 - http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c69f22 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -