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Pyridoxine is not effective to prevent hand-foot syndrome associated with capecitabine therapy: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.
J Clin Oncol 2010; 28(24):3824-9JC

Abstract

PURPOSE

To determine whether concurrent pyridoxine therapy can prevent the development of hand-foot syndrome (HFS) in patients being treated with capecitabine.

METHODS

Chemotherapy-naive patients with GI tract cancers scheduled for capecitabine-containing chemotherapy were randomly assigned to concurrent oral pyridoxine (200 mg/d) or placebo. Patients were stratified by chemotherapy regimen and monitored until development of National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria grade 2 or worse HFS or capecitabine-containing chemotherapy ended. Patients in the placebo group who developed grade 2 or worse HFS were randomly assigned again to receive pyridoxine or placebo in the next chemotherapy cycle to determine whether pyridoxine could improve HFS.

RESULTS

The median number of chemotherapy cycles to grade 2 or worse HFS was three in both groups. Grade 2 or worse HFS developed in 55 (30.6%) of 180 placebo-treated patients and in 57 (31.7%) of 180 pyridoxine patients. The cumulative dose of capecitabine to grade 2 or worse HFS was not different between the two groups (median not reached in either group; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.95; P = .788). Randomization of the 44 patients in the placebo group with grade 2 or worse HFS to placebo or pyridoxine for the next cycle resulted in no significant difference in the proportion showing improvement of HFS (42.9% v 47.8%; HR = 1.12; P = .94). By multivariate analysis, age > or = 56 years (HR = 1.768; 95% CI, 1.190 to 2.628; P = .005) was an independent risk factor for grade 2 or worse HFS, and combined use of docetaxel (HR = 2.046; 95% CI, 0.880 to 4.755; P = .096) was of borderline significance.

CONCLUSION

Pyridoxine is not effective in prevention of capecitabine-associated HFS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Oncology, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Songpa-gu, Seoul, 138-736 Korea. ykkang@amc.seoul.krNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20625131

Citation

Kang, Yoon-Koo, et al. "Pyridoxine Is Not Effective to Prevent Hand-foot Syndrome Associated With Capecitabine Therapy: Results of a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study." Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, vol. 28, no. 24, 2010, pp. 3824-9.
Kang YK, Lee SS, Yoon DH, et al. Pyridoxine is not effective to prevent hand-foot syndrome associated with capecitabine therapy: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Clin Oncol. 2010;28(24):3824-9.
Kang, Y. K., Lee, S. S., Yoon, D. H., Lee, S. Y., Chun, Y. J., Kim, M. S., ... Kim, T. W. (2010). Pyridoxine is not effective to prevent hand-foot syndrome associated with capecitabine therapy: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Journal of Clinical Oncology : Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 28(24), pp. 3824-9. doi:10.1200/JCO.2010.29.1807.
Kang YK, et al. Pyridoxine Is Not Effective to Prevent Hand-foot Syndrome Associated With Capecitabine Therapy: Results of a Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study. J Clin Oncol. 2010 Aug 20;28(24):3824-9. PubMed PMID: 20625131.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pyridoxine is not effective to prevent hand-foot syndrome associated with capecitabine therapy: results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. AU - Kang,Yoon-Koo, AU - Lee,Sung Sook, AU - Yoon,Dok Hyun, AU - Lee,So Young, AU - Chun,Young Ju, AU - Kim,Min Sun, AU - Ryu,Min-Hee, AU - Chang,Heung-Moon, AU - Lee,Jae-Lyun, AU - Kim,Tae Won, Y1 - 2010/07/12/ PY - 2010/7/14/entrez PY - 2010/7/14/pubmed PY - 2010/9/8/medline SP - 3824 EP - 9 JF - Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology JO - J. Clin. Oncol. VL - 28 IS - 24 N2 - PURPOSE: To determine whether concurrent pyridoxine therapy can prevent the development of hand-foot syndrome (HFS) in patients being treated with capecitabine. METHODS: Chemotherapy-naive patients with GI tract cancers scheduled for capecitabine-containing chemotherapy were randomly assigned to concurrent oral pyridoxine (200 mg/d) or placebo. Patients were stratified by chemotherapy regimen and monitored until development of National Cancer Institute Common Toxicity Criteria grade 2 or worse HFS or capecitabine-containing chemotherapy ended. Patients in the placebo group who developed grade 2 or worse HFS were randomly assigned again to receive pyridoxine or placebo in the next chemotherapy cycle to determine whether pyridoxine could improve HFS. RESULTS: The median number of chemotherapy cycles to grade 2 or worse HFS was three in both groups. Grade 2 or worse HFS developed in 55 (30.6%) of 180 placebo-treated patients and in 57 (31.7%) of 180 pyridoxine patients. The cumulative dose of capecitabine to grade 2 or worse HFS was not different between the two groups (median not reached in either group; hazard ratio [HR] = 0.95; P = .788). Randomization of the 44 patients in the placebo group with grade 2 or worse HFS to placebo or pyridoxine for the next cycle resulted in no significant difference in the proportion showing improvement of HFS (42.9% v 47.8%; HR = 1.12; P = .94). By multivariate analysis, age > or = 56 years (HR = 1.768; 95% CI, 1.190 to 2.628; P = .005) was an independent risk factor for grade 2 or worse HFS, and combined use of docetaxel (HR = 2.046; 95% CI, 0.880 to 4.755; P = .096) was of borderline significance. CONCLUSION: Pyridoxine is not effective in prevention of capecitabine-associated HFS. SN - 1527-7755 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20625131/Pyridoxine_is_not_effective_to_prevent_hand_foot_syndrome_associated_with_capecitabine_therapy:_results_of_a_randomized_double_blind_placebo_controlled_study_ L2 - http://ascopubs.org/doi/full/10.1200/JCO.2010.29.1807?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -