Virosomal influenza-vaccine induced immunity in HIV-infected individuals with high versus low CD4+ T-cell counts: clues towards a rational vaccination strategy.AIDS. 2010 Sep 10; 24(14):2287-9.AIDS
In a prospective influenza-vaccination trial we show that HIV-infected individuals with CD4 T-cell counts less than 350 microl were distinct from HIV-infected individuals with more than 350 CD4 T-cell counts/microl, and from HIV-negative individuals, in that an influenza-specific immunoglobulin M-response was absent and expansion of interferon-gamma-secreting CD4 T cells was impaired. By contrast, immunoglobulin G-responses were induced in all study groups. These data suggest that establishing broad influenza-specific (immunoglobulin G) B-cell memory prior to severe immunodeficiency is important.