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Salmonella infection in illegally imported spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca).
Zoonoses Public Health 2011; 58(4):262-9ZP

Abstract

The prevalence of Salmonella infection was determined in a group of spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca) seized during two smuggling attempts and in a population of captive Hermann's tortoises (Testudo hermanni) sheltered in a wildlife rescue centre. Salmonella spp. was isolated in 81 of 220 (36.8%) and in 17 of 67 (25.4%) cloacal swabs collected from the T. graeca and T. hermanni tortoises respectively. Overall, a total of 21 different Salmonella serotypes were found. Some of these serotypes are common to terrestrial chelonians while others have never been reported. All cultured serotypes were non-typhoidal but nonetheless many of these have been previously reported as source of human outbreaks of reptile-related salmonellosis. Eighty-two per cent and 5.3% of the isolates were resistant to two and three anti-microbial agents respectively. However, the isolates were highly susceptible to the anti-microbials of choice for the treatment of salmonellosis such as cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. Our findings confirm that tortoises can be considered a reservoir for Salmonella and that care should be employed when handling and breeding these animals. Tight surveillance should be enforced to avoid illegal importation and prevent the trading of live tortoises, carriers of zoonotic pathogens.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sicilia "A. Mirri". Palermo, Italy. maurizio.percipalle@izssicilia.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20626717

Citation

Percipalle, M, et al. "Salmonella Infection in Illegally Imported Spur-thighed Tortoises (Testudo Graeca)." Zoonoses and Public Health, vol. 58, no. 4, 2011, pp. 262-9.
Percipalle M, Giardina G, Lipari L, et al. Salmonella infection in illegally imported spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca). Zoonoses Public Health. 2011;58(4):262-9.
Percipalle, M., Giardina, G., Lipari, L., Piraino, C., Macrì, D., & Ferrantelli, V. (2011). Salmonella infection in illegally imported spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca). Zoonoses and Public Health, 58(4), pp. 262-9. doi:10.1111/j.1863-2378.2010.01345.x.
Percipalle M, et al. Salmonella Infection in Illegally Imported Spur-thighed Tortoises (Testudo Graeca). Zoonoses Public Health. 2011;58(4):262-9. PubMed PMID: 20626717.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Salmonella infection in illegally imported spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca). AU - Percipalle,M, AU - Giardina,G, AU - Lipari,L, AU - Piraino,C, AU - Macrì,D, AU - Ferrantelli,V, Y1 - 2010/07/05/ PY - 2010/7/15/entrez PY - 2010/7/16/pubmed PY - 2011/11/16/medline SP - 262 EP - 9 JF - Zoonoses and public health JO - Zoonoses Public Health VL - 58 IS - 4 N2 - The prevalence of Salmonella infection was determined in a group of spur-thighed tortoises (Testudo graeca) seized during two smuggling attempts and in a population of captive Hermann's tortoises (Testudo hermanni) sheltered in a wildlife rescue centre. Salmonella spp. was isolated in 81 of 220 (36.8%) and in 17 of 67 (25.4%) cloacal swabs collected from the T. graeca and T. hermanni tortoises respectively. Overall, a total of 21 different Salmonella serotypes were found. Some of these serotypes are common to terrestrial chelonians while others have never been reported. All cultured serotypes were non-typhoidal but nonetheless many of these have been previously reported as source of human outbreaks of reptile-related salmonellosis. Eighty-two per cent and 5.3% of the isolates were resistant to two and three anti-microbial agents respectively. However, the isolates were highly susceptible to the anti-microbials of choice for the treatment of salmonellosis such as cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones. Our findings confirm that tortoises can be considered a reservoir for Salmonella and that care should be employed when handling and breeding these animals. Tight surveillance should be enforced to avoid illegal importation and prevent the trading of live tortoises, carriers of zoonotic pathogens. SN - 1863-2378 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20626717/Salmonella_infection_in_illegally_imported_spur_thighed_tortoises__Testudo_graeca__ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1863-2378.2010.01345.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -