[Prognosis value of thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor concentration and C1040T polymorphism in acute myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolysis].Med Intensiva 2010; 34(8):513-22MI
To analyze the prognostic value of thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor (TAFI) and C1040T polymorphism in acute myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolysis. To analyze C1040T polymorphism influence on its plasma level.
An observational, prospective study performed from November 2003 to November 2005 and with a 3 month follow-up.
Intensive Medicine Service from a university-affiliated teaching hospital.
A total of 53 patients with acute myocardial infarction with persistent ST segment elevation treated with the same fibrinolytic therapy. A control group of 53 biologically similar subjects was included.
Baseline characteristics; frequency of wild-type genotype (Thr325Thr) and of those corresponding to the mutation (Thr325LLe and LLe325lle), TAFI levels at 6 h, 34 h and 3 months post-fibrinolysis; ejection fraction; Killip-Kimball; reperfusion; ischemic recurrence; death.
No relationship was found between biological features and TAFI concentration. The latter was significantly higher in infarct patients (p<0.01) and in the mutation group (p<0.01). The homozygotic mutation (Ile325Ile) was significantly higher in infarct patients (p<0.01). Reperfusion was significantly associated with lower body mass index (p=0.02. OR 0.22. 95% CI), ejection fraction (p=0.004. OR 0.91. 95% CI), triglyceride level (p=0.01. OR 1.02. 95% CI) and cholesterol levels (p=0.001. OR=0.84. 95% CI). Mutation was associated to a significant fall in post-fibrinolysis concentration TAFI antigen and functional TAFI (p=0.01) and (p=0.02), and lower frequency of reperfusion. Reperfusion was associated with a significant post-fibrinolysis reduction in the level of TAFI antigen (p=0.02). Recurrence was associated to a significantly higher post-fibrinolysis level (p=0.05. OR=0.84. 95% CI). This was more frequent in mutation. Post-fibrinolysis TAFI antigen concentration was significantly lower in non-recurrence patients (p=0.028. OR=1.03. 95% CI).
A higher concentration of TAFI is associated to a worse prognosis in reperfusion and recurrence in acute myocardial infarction treated with fibrinolysis. Homozygotic mutation was more frequent in myocardial infarction patients. Wild genotype is associated to a better prognosis. Mutation is associated to a higher expression of TAFI.