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A large proportion of prediabetes and diabetes goes undiagnosed when only fasting plasma glucose and/or HbA1c are measured in overweight or obese patients.
Diabetes Metab. 2010 Sep; 36(4):312-8.DM

Abstract

AIMS

The purposes of the study were to determine the prevalence of unrecognized dysglycaemia in overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25-29.9 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) patients, to assess the extent to which measures of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and/or HbA(1c), compared with oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs), misdiagnose dysglycaemia, and to determine the factors associated with an isolated abnormal post-OGTT glucose value.

METHODS

OGTT was performed and HbA(1c) was measured in 1283 inpatients with BMI scores ≥ 25 kg/m(2) and no history of dysglycaemia.

RESULTS

Prediabetes was found in 257 (20.0%) subjects (197 with impaired glucose tolerance, 29 with impaired fasting glucose, 31 with both) and diabetes in 77 (6.0%), including 22 with FPG ≥ 7 mmol/L (WHO definition). The sensitivity of FPG >6 mmol/L, FPG >5.5 mmol/L, HbA(1c) ≥ 6% and the recommendations of the French National Agency of Accreditation and Evaluation in Health Care (ANAES) to identify patients with abnormal OGTTs was 29.9, 41.3, 36.8 and 15.6%, respectively. The factors that were independently associated with diabetes in obese women with FPG <7 mmol/L were age (per 10 years: OR 1.54 [1.00-2.11]; P=0.049) and FPG (OR 6.1 [1.4-30.0]; P=0.014), whereas age (OR 1.26 [1.09-1.44]; P<0.01) and waist circumference (per 10 cm: OR 1.17 [1.01-1.33]; P<0.05) were independently associated with dysglycaemia in obese women with FPG <6.1 mmol/L.

CONCLUSION

In overweight and obese patients: dysglycaemia is commonly seen; FPG alone, compared with OGTT, failed to diagnose 70% of dysglycaemia cases; FPG >5.5 mmol/L and HbA(1c) ≥ 6.0% are not necessarily substitutes for OGTT; and older age and larger waist circumference should be used to select those obese women with normal FPG who might further benefit from OGTTs to diagnose dysglycaemia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Endocrinology, Diabetology, Nutrition, Jean-Verdier Hospital, AP-HP, avenue du 14 Juillet, 93143 Bondy cedex, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20627649

Citation

Cosson, E, et al. "A Large Proportion of Prediabetes and Diabetes Goes Undiagnosed when Only Fasting Plasma Glucose And/or HbA1c Are Measured in Overweight or Obese Patients." Diabetes & Metabolism, vol. 36, no. 4, 2010, pp. 312-8.
Cosson E, Hamo-Tchatchouang E, Banu I, et al. A large proportion of prediabetes and diabetes goes undiagnosed when only fasting plasma glucose and/or HbA1c are measured in overweight or obese patients. Diabetes Metab. 2010;36(4):312-8.
Cosson, E., Hamo-Tchatchouang, E., Banu, I., Nguyen, M. T., Chiheb, S., Ba, H., & Valensi, P. (2010). A large proportion of prediabetes and diabetes goes undiagnosed when only fasting plasma glucose and/or HbA1c are measured in overweight or obese patients. Diabetes & Metabolism, 36(4), 312-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.diabet.2010.02.004
Cosson E, et al. A Large Proportion of Prediabetes and Diabetes Goes Undiagnosed when Only Fasting Plasma Glucose And/or HbA1c Are Measured in Overweight or Obese Patients. Diabetes Metab. 2010;36(4):312-8. PubMed PMID: 20627649.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A large proportion of prediabetes and diabetes goes undiagnosed when only fasting plasma glucose and/or HbA1c are measured in overweight or obese patients. AU - Cosson,E, AU - Hamo-Tchatchouang,E, AU - Banu,I, AU - Nguyen,M-T, AU - Chiheb,S, AU - Ba,H, AU - Valensi,P, PY - 2009/09/24/received PY - 2010/02/24/revised PY - 2010/02/26/accepted PY - 2010/7/15/entrez PY - 2010/7/16/pubmed PY - 2010/11/13/medline SP - 312 EP - 8 JF - Diabetes & metabolism JO - Diabetes Metab VL - 36 IS - 4 N2 - AIMS: The purposes of the study were to determine the prevalence of unrecognized dysglycaemia in overweight (body mass index [BMI] 25-29.9 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥30 kg/m(2)) patients, to assess the extent to which measures of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and/or HbA(1c), compared with oral glucose tolerance tests (OGTTs), misdiagnose dysglycaemia, and to determine the factors associated with an isolated abnormal post-OGTT glucose value. METHODS: OGTT was performed and HbA(1c) was measured in 1283 inpatients with BMI scores ≥ 25 kg/m(2) and no history of dysglycaemia. RESULTS: Prediabetes was found in 257 (20.0%) subjects (197 with impaired glucose tolerance, 29 with impaired fasting glucose, 31 with both) and diabetes in 77 (6.0%), including 22 with FPG ≥ 7 mmol/L (WHO definition). The sensitivity of FPG >6 mmol/L, FPG >5.5 mmol/L, HbA(1c) ≥ 6% and the recommendations of the French National Agency of Accreditation and Evaluation in Health Care (ANAES) to identify patients with abnormal OGTTs was 29.9, 41.3, 36.8 and 15.6%, respectively. The factors that were independently associated with diabetes in obese women with FPG <7 mmol/L were age (per 10 years: OR 1.54 [1.00-2.11]; P=0.049) and FPG (OR 6.1 [1.4-30.0]; P=0.014), whereas age (OR 1.26 [1.09-1.44]; P<0.01) and waist circumference (per 10 cm: OR 1.17 [1.01-1.33]; P<0.05) were independently associated with dysglycaemia in obese women with FPG <6.1 mmol/L. CONCLUSION: In overweight and obese patients: dysglycaemia is commonly seen; FPG alone, compared with OGTT, failed to diagnose 70% of dysglycaemia cases; FPG >5.5 mmol/L and HbA(1c) ≥ 6.0% are not necessarily substitutes for OGTT; and older age and larger waist circumference should be used to select those obese women with normal FPG who might further benefit from OGTTs to diagnose dysglycaemia. SN - 1878-1780 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20627649/A_large_proportion_of_prediabetes_and_diabetes_goes_undiagnosed_when_only_fasting_plasma_glucose_and/or_HbA1c_are_measured_in_overweight_or_obese_patients_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -