Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents.
J Atten Disord 2011; 15(5):403-11JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the relationship between dietary patterns and ADHD in a population-based cohort of adolescents.

METHOD

The Raine Study is a prospective study following 2,868 live births. At the 14-year follow-up, the authors collected detailed adolescent dietary data, allowing for the determination of major dietary patterns using factor analysis. ADHD diagnoses were recorded according to International Classification of Deiseases, 9th Revision coding conventions. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between scores for major dietary pattern and ADHD diagnoses.

RESULTS

Data were available for 1,799 adolescents, and a total of 115 adolescents had an ADHD diagnosis. Two major dietary patterns were identified: "Western" and "Healthy." A higher score for the Western dietary pattern was associated with ADHD diagnosis (odds ratio=2.21, 95% confidence interval=1.18, 4.13) after adjusting for known confounding factors from pregnancy to 14 years. ADHD diagnosis was not associated with the "Healthy" dietary pattern.

CONCLUSION

A Western-style diet may be associated with ADHD.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Australia.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20631199

Citation

Howard, Amber L., et al. "ADHD Is Associated With a "Western" Dietary Pattern in Adolescents." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 15, no. 5, 2011, pp. 403-11.
Howard AL, Robinson M, Smith GJ, et al. ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents. J Atten Disord. 2011;15(5):403-11.
Howard, A. L., Robinson, M., Smith, G. J., Ambrosini, G. L., Piek, J. P., & Oddy, W. H. (2011). ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15(5), pp. 403-11. doi:10.1177/1087054710365990.
Howard AL, et al. ADHD Is Associated With a "Western" Dietary Pattern in Adolescents. J Atten Disord. 2011;15(5):403-11. PubMed PMID: 20631199.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents. AU - Howard,Amber L, AU - Robinson,Monique, AU - Smith,Grant J, AU - Ambrosini,Gina L, AU - Piek,Jan P, AU - Oddy,Wendy H, Y1 - 2010/07/14/ PY - 2010/7/16/entrez PY - 2010/7/16/pubmed PY - 2011/8/16/medline SP - 403 EP - 11 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 15 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between dietary patterns and ADHD in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHOD: The Raine Study is a prospective study following 2,868 live births. At the 14-year follow-up, the authors collected detailed adolescent dietary data, allowing for the determination of major dietary patterns using factor analysis. ADHD diagnoses were recorded according to International Classification of Deiseases, 9th Revision coding conventions. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between scores for major dietary pattern and ADHD diagnoses. RESULTS: Data were available for 1,799 adolescents, and a total of 115 adolescents had an ADHD diagnosis. Two major dietary patterns were identified: "Western" and "Healthy." A higher score for the Western dietary pattern was associated with ADHD diagnosis (odds ratio=2.21, 95% confidence interval=1.18, 4.13) after adjusting for known confounding factors from pregnancy to 14 years. ADHD diagnosis was not associated with the "Healthy" dietary pattern. CONCLUSION: A Western-style diet may be associated with ADHD. SN - 1557-1246 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20631199/full_citation L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1087054710365990?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -