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ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine the relationship between dietary patterns and ADHD in a population-based cohort of adolescents.

METHOD

The Raine Study is a prospective study following 2,868 live births. At the 14-year follow-up, the authors collected detailed adolescent dietary data, allowing for the determination of major dietary patterns using factor analysis. ADHD diagnoses were recorded according to International Classification of Deiseases, 9th Revision coding conventions. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between scores for major dietary pattern and ADHD diagnoses.

RESULTS

Data were available for 1,799 adolescents, and a total of 115 adolescents had an ADHD diagnosis. Two major dietary patterns were identified: "Western" and "Healthy." A higher score for the Western dietary pattern was associated with ADHD diagnosis (odds ratio=2.21, 95% confidence interval=1.18, 4.13) after adjusting for known confounding factors from pregnancy to 14 years. ADHD diagnosis was not associated with the "Healthy" dietary pattern.

CONCLUSION

A Western-style diet may be associated with ADHD.

Links

  • Publisher Full Text
  • Authors+Show Affiliations

    ,

    Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, The University of Western Australia, Australia.

    , , , ,

    Source

    Journal of attention disorders 15:5 2011 Jul pg 403-11

    MeSH

    Adolescent
    Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
    Cohort Studies
    Diet
    Dietary Carbohydrates
    Dietary Fats
    Female
    Humans
    Male
    Risk
    Western Australia

    Pub Type(s)

    Journal Article
    Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

    Language

    eng

    PubMed ID

    20631199

    Citation

    Howard, Amber L., et al. "ADHD Is Associated With a "Western" Dietary Pattern in Adolescents." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 15, no. 5, 2011, pp. 403-11.
    Howard AL, Robinson M, Smith GJ, et al. ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents. J Atten Disord. 2011;15(5):403-11.
    Howard, A. L., Robinson, M., Smith, G. J., Ambrosini, G. L., Piek, J. P., & Oddy, W. H. (2011). ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents. Journal of Attention Disorders, 15(5), pp. 403-11. doi:10.1177/1087054710365990.
    Howard AL, et al. ADHD Is Associated With a "Western" Dietary Pattern in Adolescents. J Atten Disord. 2011;15(5):403-11. PubMed PMID: 20631199.
    * Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
    TY - JOUR T1 - ADHD is associated with a "Western" dietary pattern in adolescents. AU - Howard,Amber L, AU - Robinson,Monique, AU - Smith,Grant J, AU - Ambrosini,Gina L, AU - Piek,Jan P, AU - Oddy,Wendy H, Y1 - 2010/07/14/ PY - 2010/7/16/entrez PY - 2010/7/16/pubmed PY - 2011/8/16/medline SP - 403 EP - 11 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 15 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between dietary patterns and ADHD in a population-based cohort of adolescents. METHOD: The Raine Study is a prospective study following 2,868 live births. At the 14-year follow-up, the authors collected detailed adolescent dietary data, allowing for the determination of major dietary patterns using factor analysis. ADHD diagnoses were recorded according to International Classification of Deiseases, 9th Revision coding conventions. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between scores for major dietary pattern and ADHD diagnoses. RESULTS: Data were available for 1,799 adolescents, and a total of 115 adolescents had an ADHD diagnosis. Two major dietary patterns were identified: "Western" and "Healthy." A higher score for the Western dietary pattern was associated with ADHD diagnosis (odds ratio=2.21, 95% confidence interval=1.18, 4.13) after adjusting for known confounding factors from pregnancy to 14 years. ADHD diagnosis was not associated with the "Healthy" dietary pattern. CONCLUSION: A Western-style diet may be associated with ADHD. SN - 1557-1246 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20631199/full_citation L2 - http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1087054710365990?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -