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Face value: amygdala response reflects the validity of first impressions.
Neuroimage. 2011 Jan 01; 54(1):734-41.N

Abstract

The human amygdala responds to first impressions of people as judged from their faces, such as normative judgments about the trustworthiness of strangers. It is unknown, however, whether amygdala responses to first impressions can be validated by objective criteria. Here, we examined amygdala responses to faces of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) where real-world outcomes could be measured objectively by the amounts of profits made by each CEO's company. During fMRI scanning, participants made incidental judgments about the symmetry of each CEO's face. After scanning, participants rated each CEO's face on leadership ability. Parametric analyses showed that greater left amygdala response to the CEOs' faces was associated with higher post-scan ratings of the CEOs' leadership ability. In addition, greater left amygdala response was also associated with greater profits made by the CEOs' companies and this relationship was statistically mediated by external raters' perceptions of arousal. Thus, amygdala response reflected both subjective judgments and objective measures of leadership ability based on first impressions.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. nicholas.rule@tufts.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20633663

Citation

Rule, Nicholas O., et al. "Face Value: Amygdala Response Reflects the Validity of First Impressions." NeuroImage, vol. 54, no. 1, 2011, pp. 734-41.
Rule NO, Moran JM, Freeman JB, et al. Face value: amygdala response reflects the validity of first impressions. Neuroimage. 2011;54(1):734-41.
Rule, N. O., Moran, J. M., Freeman, J. B., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., Gabrieli, J. D., & Ambady, N. (2011). Face value: amygdala response reflects the validity of first impressions. NeuroImage, 54(1), 734-41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.07.007
Rule NO, et al. Face Value: Amygdala Response Reflects the Validity of First Impressions. Neuroimage. 2011 Jan 1;54(1):734-41. PubMed PMID: 20633663.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Face value: amygdala response reflects the validity of first impressions. AU - Rule,Nicholas O, AU - Moran,Joseph M, AU - Freeman,Jonathan B, AU - Whitfield-Gabrieli,Susan, AU - Gabrieli,John D E, AU - Ambady,Nalini, Y1 - 2010/07/12/ PY - 2009/12/28/received PY - 2010/05/15/revised PY - 2010/07/07/accepted PY - 2010/7/17/entrez PY - 2010/7/17/pubmed PY - 2011/1/20/medline SP - 734 EP - 41 JF - NeuroImage JO - Neuroimage VL - 54 IS - 1 N2 - The human amygdala responds to first impressions of people as judged from their faces, such as normative judgments about the trustworthiness of strangers. It is unknown, however, whether amygdala responses to first impressions can be validated by objective criteria. Here, we examined amygdala responses to faces of Chief Executive Officers (CEOs) where real-world outcomes could be measured objectively by the amounts of profits made by each CEO's company. During fMRI scanning, participants made incidental judgments about the symmetry of each CEO's face. After scanning, participants rated each CEO's face on leadership ability. Parametric analyses showed that greater left amygdala response to the CEOs' faces was associated with higher post-scan ratings of the CEOs' leadership ability. In addition, greater left amygdala response was also associated with greater profits made by the CEOs' companies and this relationship was statistically mediated by external raters' perceptions of arousal. Thus, amygdala response reflected both subjective judgments and objective measures of leadership ability based on first impressions. SN - 1095-9572 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20633663/Face_value:_amygdala_response_reflects_the_validity_of_first_impressions_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053-8119(10)00958-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -