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Prevalence and causative fungal species of tinea capitis among schoolchildren in Gabon.
Mycoses. 2011 Sep; 54(5):e354-9.M

Abstract

Tinea capitis is endemic among schoolchildren in tropical Africa. The objective was to determine the prevalence of symptomatic tinea capitis in schoolchildren in Gabon. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 454 children aged 4-17 years, attending a rural school and an urban school. The diagnosis of tinea capitis was based on clinically manifest infection, direct microscopic examination using 20% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and fungal culture. Based on clinical examination, 105 (23.1%) of 454 children had tinea capitis. Seventy-four (16.3%) children were positive by direct examination (KOH) and/or fungal culture. The prevalence of tinea capitis depended on the school studied and ranged from 20.4% in the urban school with a higher socioeconomic status to 26.3% in the rural school with a lower socioeconomic status. Similarly, the spectrum of causative species varied between the different schools. Taken the schools together, Trichophyton soudanense (29.4%) was the most prominent species, followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (27.9%) and Microsporum audouinii (25.0%). Clinically manifest tinea capitis is endemic among schoolchildren in the Lambaréné region in Gabon. The prevalence of tinea capitis and the causative species depended on the type of school that was investigated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology, University of Ghana Medical School, Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Accra, Ghana.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20637052

Citation

Hogewoning, A A., et al. "Prevalence and Causative Fungal Species of Tinea Capitis Among Schoolchildren in Gabon." Mycoses, vol. 54, no. 5, 2011, pp. e354-9.
Hogewoning AA, Adegnika AA, Bouwes Bavinck JN, et al. Prevalence and causative fungal species of tinea capitis among schoolchildren in Gabon. Mycoses. 2011;54(5):e354-9.
Hogewoning, A. A., Adegnika, A. A., Bouwes Bavinck, J. N., Yazdanbakhsh, M., Kremsner, P. G., van der Raaij-Helmer, E. M., Staats, C. C., Willemze, R., & Lavrijsen, A. P. (2011). Prevalence and causative fungal species of tinea capitis among schoolchildren in Gabon. Mycoses, 54(5), e354-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0507.2010.01923.x
Hogewoning AA, et al. Prevalence and Causative Fungal Species of Tinea Capitis Among Schoolchildren in Gabon. Mycoses. 2011;54(5):e354-9. PubMed PMID: 20637052.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence and causative fungal species of tinea capitis among schoolchildren in Gabon. AU - Hogewoning,A A, AU - Adegnika,A A, AU - Bouwes Bavinck,J N, AU - Yazdanbakhsh,M, AU - Kremsner,P G, AU - van der Raaij-Helmer,E M H, AU - Staats,C C G, AU - Willemze,R, AU - Lavrijsen,A P M, Y1 - 2010/07/19/ PY - 2010/7/20/entrez PY - 2010/7/20/pubmed PY - 2011/12/22/medline SP - e354 EP - 9 JF - Mycoses JO - Mycoses VL - 54 IS - 5 N2 - Tinea capitis is endemic among schoolchildren in tropical Africa. The objective was to determine the prevalence of symptomatic tinea capitis in schoolchildren in Gabon. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 454 children aged 4-17 years, attending a rural school and an urban school. The diagnosis of tinea capitis was based on clinically manifest infection, direct microscopic examination using 20% potassium hydroxide (KOH) solution and fungal culture. Based on clinical examination, 105 (23.1%) of 454 children had tinea capitis. Seventy-four (16.3%) children were positive by direct examination (KOH) and/or fungal culture. The prevalence of tinea capitis depended on the school studied and ranged from 20.4% in the urban school with a higher socioeconomic status to 26.3% in the rural school with a lower socioeconomic status. Similarly, the spectrum of causative species varied between the different schools. Taken the schools together, Trichophyton soudanense (29.4%) was the most prominent species, followed by Trichophyton tonsurans (27.9%) and Microsporum audouinii (25.0%). Clinically manifest tinea capitis is endemic among schoolchildren in the Lambaréné region in Gabon. The prevalence of tinea capitis and the causative species depended on the type of school that was investigated. SN - 1439-0507 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20637052/Prevalence_and_causative_fungal_species_of_tinea_capitis_among_schoolchildren_in_Gabon_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0507.2010.01923.x DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -