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Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of distal gastric cancer in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health studies.
Am J Epidemiol 2010; 172(4):397-406AJ

Abstract

Results from case-control and cohort studies of the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and gastric cancer risk have been inconsistent. Cases for the current study consisted of incident distal gastric cancers identified between 1996 and 2007 among members of the Shanghai Women's Health Study (n = 206) and the Shanghai Men's Health Study (n = 132). Intakes of fruits, vegetables, and select micronutrients were assessed on the basis of validated food frequency questionnaires. Multivariate-adjusted hazards ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by Cox proportional hazards regression. For women, no associations were found between gastric cancer risk and the highest intake of fruits (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68, 1.54; P(trend) = 0.87) or vegetables (HR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.60, 1.31; P(trend) = 0.32). For men, increased fruit intake was associated with decreased risk of distal gastric cancer (for the highest quartile of intake, HR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.29, 0.84; P(trend) = 0.004), but no association was seen with increased intake of vegetables (HR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.59, 1.68; P(trend) = 0.87). The inverse association with fruit intake for men was more evident among ever smokers (P(trend) = 0.001) than never smokers (P(trend) = 0.67). No associations between dietary intakes of select antioxidant micronutrients were seen for men or women. Fruit intake is inversely associated with distal gastric cancer risk among men in Shanghai, China.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Vanderbilt Epidemiology Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2525 West End Avenue, Sixth Floor, Nashville, TN 37203, USA. meira.epplein@vanderbilt.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20647333

Citation

Epplein, Meira, et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Risk of Distal Gastric Cancer in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health Studies." American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 172, no. 4, 2010, pp. 397-406.
Epplein M, Shu XO, Xiang YB, et al. Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of distal gastric cancer in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2010;172(4):397-406.
Epplein, M., Shu, X. O., Xiang, Y. B., Chow, W. H., Yang, G., Li, H. L., ... Zheng, W. (2010). Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of distal gastric cancer in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health studies. American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(4), pp. 397-406. doi:10.1093/aje/kwq144.
Epplein M, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Risk of Distal Gastric Cancer in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health Studies. Am J Epidemiol. 2010 Aug 15;172(4):397-406. PubMed PMID: 20647333.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable consumption and risk of distal gastric cancer in the Shanghai Women's and Men's Health studies. AU - Epplein,Meira, AU - Shu,Xiao-Ou, AU - Xiang,Yong-Bing, AU - Chow,Wong-Ho, AU - Yang,Gong, AU - Li,Hong-Lan, AU - Ji,Bu-Tian, AU - Cai,Hui, AU - Gao,Yu-Tang, AU - Zheng,Wei, Y1 - 2010/07/20/ PY - 2010/7/22/entrez PY - 2010/7/22/pubmed PY - 2010/9/30/medline SP - 397 EP - 406 JF - American journal of epidemiology JO - Am. J. Epidemiol. VL - 172 IS - 4 N2 - Results from case-control and cohort studies of the association between fruit and vegetable consumption and gastric cancer risk have been inconsistent. Cases for the current study consisted of incident distal gastric cancers identified between 1996 and 2007 among members of the Shanghai Women's Health Study (n = 206) and the Shanghai Men's Health Study (n = 132). Intakes of fruits, vegetables, and select micronutrients were assessed on the basis of validated food frequency questionnaires. Multivariate-adjusted hazards ratios and 95% confidence intervals were calculated by Cox proportional hazards regression. For women, no associations were found between gastric cancer risk and the highest intake of fruits (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.02, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68, 1.54; P(trend) = 0.87) or vegetables (HR = 0.89, 95% CI: 0.60, 1.31; P(trend) = 0.32). For men, increased fruit intake was associated with decreased risk of distal gastric cancer (for the highest quartile of intake, HR = 0.50, 95% CI: 0.29, 0.84; P(trend) = 0.004), but no association was seen with increased intake of vegetables (HR = 1.00, 95% CI: 0.59, 1.68; P(trend) = 0.87). The inverse association with fruit intake for men was more evident among ever smokers (P(trend) = 0.001) than never smokers (P(trend) = 0.67). No associations between dietary intakes of select antioxidant micronutrients were seen for men or women. Fruit intake is inversely associated with distal gastric cancer risk among men in Shanghai, China. SN - 1476-6256 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20647333/Fruit_and_vegetable_consumption_and_risk_of_distal_gastric_cancer_in_the_Shanghai_Women's_and_Men's_Health_studies_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/aje/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/aje/kwq144 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -