Existential and religious dimensions of spirituality and their relationship with health-related quality of life in chronic kidney disease.Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 2010; 5(11):1969-76CJ
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES
Spiritual aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) have not been fully assessed. This study described the religious and existential dimensions of spirituality of patients with CKD, provided evidence to support construct validity of the ESRD Spiritual Beliefs Scale, and examined the relationship between constructs of spirituality and HRQoL.
DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS
This was a prospective, cohort study of 253 predominantly white (81.5%) prevalent patients with stage 4 or 5 CKD or receiving long-term dialysis. Participants completed the Kidney Dialysis Quality of Life Short Form, the ESRD Spiritual Beliefs Scale, the Spiritual Perspective Scale, and the Spiritual Well-Being Scale.
Three subscales of ESRD Spiritual Beliefs Scale were highly correlated with other measures of religiosity and weakly correlated with existential well-being. Mean of three subscales of ESRD Spiritual Beliefs Scale and overall Spiritual Perspective Scale scores were 8.8 to 9.9 and 3.3, respectively. Mean ± SD existential and religious scores of the Spiritual Well-Being Scale were 42.9 ± 8.8 and 38.8 ± 11.4, respectively. Negligible correlations existed between religious scores and HRQoL. Conversely, existential well-being was moderately associated with several domains of HRQoL.
Our study supports construct validity of the ESRD Spiritual Beliefs Scale as a measure of religiosity. It did not seem to capture the existential dimension of spirituality. The existential domain of spirituality was more clinically relevant to patients in this study and had a greater impact on HRQoL compared with measures of religiosity.