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Lifestyle factors and varicose veins: does cross-sectional design result in underestimate of the risk?
Phlebology. 2010 Aug; 25(4):201-6.P

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess whether smoking, alcohol drinking and dietary factors are linked with varicose veins.

METHODS

A middle-aged general population of 4903 was studied, and prevalence rates at entry and five-year incidence of varicose veins were assessed. Lifestyle habits were recorded at entry and at the end of the follow-up.

RESULTS

New varicose veins were significantly more common in individuals with regular alcohol intake, incidence odds ratio (OR) 1.5 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.3) in a multivariate analysis (of 2202 individuals). The association was particularly strong in women. Smokers had a higher incidence of varicose veins compared with non-smokers, OR 1.3 (95% CI: 0.9-1.8), but without statistical significance. Having daily meals of meat implied less new varicose veins than having 0-2 weekly meals of meat.

CONCLUSION

Alcohol was likely to increase the risk of varicose veins in women and smoking in both genders. These findings were seen in the follow-up design, but not when the data of these risk factors were compared with varicose veins prevalent at entry.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Tampere School of Public Health, University of Tampere, Tampere 33014, Finland. tiina.jukkola@uta.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20656959

Citation

Ahti, T M., et al. "Lifestyle Factors and Varicose Veins: Does Cross-sectional Design Result in Underestimate of the Risk?" Phlebology, vol. 25, no. 4, 2010, pp. 201-6.
Ahti TM, Mäkivaara LA, Luukkaala T, et al. Lifestyle factors and varicose veins: does cross-sectional design result in underestimate of the risk? Phlebology. 2010;25(4):201-6.
Ahti, T. M., Mäkivaara, L. A., Luukkaala, T., Hakama, M., & Laurikka, J. O. (2010). Lifestyle factors and varicose veins: does cross-sectional design result in underestimate of the risk? Phlebology, 25(4), 201-6. https://doi.org/10.1258/phleb.2009.009031
Ahti TM, et al. Lifestyle Factors and Varicose Veins: Does Cross-sectional Design Result in Underestimate of the Risk. Phlebology. 2010;25(4):201-6. PubMed PMID: 20656959.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Lifestyle factors and varicose veins: does cross-sectional design result in underestimate of the risk? AU - Ahti,T M, AU - Mäkivaara,L A, AU - Luukkaala,T, AU - Hakama,M, AU - Laurikka,J O, PY - 2010/7/27/entrez PY - 2010/7/27/pubmed PY - 2010/11/6/medline SP - 201 EP - 6 JF - Phlebology JO - Phlebology VL - 25 IS - 4 N2 - OBJECTIVES: To assess whether smoking, alcohol drinking and dietary factors are linked with varicose veins. METHODS: A middle-aged general population of 4903 was studied, and prevalence rates at entry and five-year incidence of varicose veins were assessed. Lifestyle habits were recorded at entry and at the end of the follow-up. RESULTS: New varicose veins were significantly more common in individuals with regular alcohol intake, incidence odds ratio (OR) 1.5 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.05-2.3) in a multivariate analysis (of 2202 individuals). The association was particularly strong in women. Smokers had a higher incidence of varicose veins compared with non-smokers, OR 1.3 (95% CI: 0.9-1.8), but without statistical significance. Having daily meals of meat implied less new varicose veins than having 0-2 weekly meals of meat. CONCLUSION: Alcohol was likely to increase the risk of varicose veins in women and smoking in both genders. These findings were seen in the follow-up design, but not when the data of these risk factors were compared with varicose veins prevalent at entry. SN - 1758-1125 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20656959/Lifestyle_factors_and_varicose_veins:_does_cross_sectional_design_result_in_underestimate_of_the_risk L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1258/phleb.2009.009031?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -