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Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: Alternative accounts and underlying processes.
J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010 Aug; 99(2):282-302.JP

Abstract

Although intergroup contact is one of the most prominent interventions to reduce prejudice, the generalization of contact effects is still a contentious issue. This research further examined the rarely studied secondary transfer effect (STE; Pettigrew, 2009), by which contact with a primary outgroup reduces prejudice toward secondary groups that are not directly involved in the contact. Across 3 cross-sectional studies conducted in Cyprus (N = 1,653), Northern Ireland (N = 1,973), and Texas (N = 275) and 1 longitudinal study conducted in Northern Ireland (N = 411), the present research sought to systematically rule out alternative accounts of the STE and to investigate 2 potential mediating mechanisms (ingroup reappraisal and attitude generalization). Results indicated that, consistent with the STE, contact with a primary outgroup predicts attitudes toward secondary outgroups, over and above contact with the secondary outgroup, socially desirable responding, and prior attitudes. Mediation analyses found strong evidence for attitude generalization but only limited evidence for ingroup reappraisal as an underlying process. Two out of 3 tests of a reverse model, where contact with the secondary outgroup predicts attitudes toward the primary outgroup, provide further evidence for an indirect effect through attitude generalization. Theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed, and directions for future research are identified.

Authors+Show Affiliations

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Tower Building, Park Place, Cardiff CF10 3AT, Wales. tauschn@cardiff.ac.ukNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20658844

Citation

Tausch, Nicole, et al. "Secondary Transfer Effects of Intergroup Contact: Alternative Accounts and Underlying Processes." Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 99, no. 2, 2010, pp. 282-302.
Tausch N, Hewstone M, Kenworthy JB, et al. Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: Alternative accounts and underlying processes. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010;99(2):282-302.
Tausch, N., Hewstone, M., Kenworthy, J. B., Psaltis, C., Schmid, K., Popan, J. R., Cairns, E., & Hughes, J. (2010). Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: Alternative accounts and underlying processes. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(2), 282-302. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018553
Tausch N, et al. Secondary Transfer Effects of Intergroup Contact: Alternative Accounts and Underlying Processes. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2010;99(2):282-302. PubMed PMID: 20658844.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Secondary transfer effects of intergroup contact: Alternative accounts and underlying processes. AU - Tausch,Nicole, AU - Hewstone,Miles, AU - Kenworthy,Jared B, AU - Psaltis,Charis, AU - Schmid,Katharina, AU - Popan,Jason R, AU - Cairns,Ed, AU - Hughes,Joanne, PY - 2010/7/28/entrez PY - 2010/7/28/pubmed PY - 2010/11/17/medline SP - 282 EP - 302 JF - Journal of personality and social psychology JO - J Pers Soc Psychol VL - 99 IS - 2 N2 - Although intergroup contact is one of the most prominent interventions to reduce prejudice, the generalization of contact effects is still a contentious issue. This research further examined the rarely studied secondary transfer effect (STE; Pettigrew, 2009), by which contact with a primary outgroup reduces prejudice toward secondary groups that are not directly involved in the contact. Across 3 cross-sectional studies conducted in Cyprus (N = 1,653), Northern Ireland (N = 1,973), and Texas (N = 275) and 1 longitudinal study conducted in Northern Ireland (N = 411), the present research sought to systematically rule out alternative accounts of the STE and to investigate 2 potential mediating mechanisms (ingroup reappraisal and attitude generalization). Results indicated that, consistent with the STE, contact with a primary outgroup predicts attitudes toward secondary outgroups, over and above contact with the secondary outgroup, socially desirable responding, and prior attitudes. Mediation analyses found strong evidence for attitude generalization but only limited evidence for ingroup reappraisal as an underlying process. Two out of 3 tests of a reverse model, where contact with the secondary outgroup predicts attitudes toward the primary outgroup, provide further evidence for an indirect effect through attitude generalization. Theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed, and directions for future research are identified. SN - 1939-1315 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20658844/Secondary_transfer_effects_of_intergroup_contact:_Alternative_accounts_and_underlying_processes_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/psp/99/2/282 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -