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[Occupational exposure to HIV in health care workers, Silesia voivodeship].
Med Pr. 2010; 61(3):315-22.MP

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Occupational exposure to HIV is defined as a contact of health care workers with potentially infectious material. The risk of occupational transmission is not high (0.09-0.3%), but it increases in case of percutaneous injuries caused by tools contaminated with infected blood, deep needle stick or direct contact of an infected needle with artery or vein.

MATERIAL AND METHODS

The aim of the study was to determine the epidemiology of HIV infections among health care workers in the Silesian voivodeship, in the years 1999-2006 and the conditions of occupational exposure. Data on occupational exposure, collected by the Center for AIDS Diagnosis and Therapy in Chorzów, were analyzed.

RESULTS

During the study period, 789 cases of occupational exposure to HIV in the medical staff were documented. In the exposed group women predominated (78.9%). In the occupational group under study, nurses made 65% and physicians 17.5%. Needles were the most frequent (75.2%) source of exposure during injections and left hand fingers (thumb and index finger) were the major targets. Post-exposure prophylaxis with antiretroviral medications was introduced in about 60% of cases (499/789). No HIV transmission was registered.

CONCLUSIONS

Nurses run the highest risk of occupational exposure to HIV, usually related with injections. There is a need to continue education in postexposure prophylaxis addressed to medical staff. The development of a standard questionnaire and its practical use could be very useful in monitoring occupational exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wydział Lekarski, Katedra i Zakład Epidemiologii, Slaski Uniwersytet Medyczny, Katowice. bbraczkowska@sum.edu.plNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

pol

PubMed ID

20677431

Citation

Braczkowska, Bogumiła, et al. "[Occupational Exposure to HIV in Health Care Workers, Silesia Voivodeship]." Medycyna Pracy, vol. 61, no. 3, 2010, pp. 315-22.
Braczkowska B, Kowalska M, Beniowski M, et al. [Occupational exposure to HIV in health care workers, Silesia voivodeship]. Med Pr. 2010;61(3):315-22.
Braczkowska, B., Kowalska, M., Beniowski, M., Zejda, J. E., Mazur, W., & Witor, A. (2010). [Occupational exposure to HIV in health care workers, Silesia voivodeship]. Medycyna Pracy, 61(3), 315-22.
Braczkowska B, et al. [Occupational Exposure to HIV in Health Care Workers, Silesia Voivodeship]. Med Pr. 2010;61(3):315-22. PubMed PMID: 20677431.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Occupational exposure to HIV in health care workers, Silesia voivodeship]. AU - Braczkowska,Bogumiła, AU - Kowalska,Małgorzata, AU - Beniowski,Marek, AU - Zejda,Jan E, AU - Mazur,Włodzimierz, AU - Witor,Adam, PY - 2010/8/4/entrez PY - 2010/8/4/pubmed PY - 2010/8/31/medline SP - 315 EP - 22 JF - Medycyna pracy JO - Med Pr VL - 61 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to HIV is defined as a contact of health care workers with potentially infectious material. The risk of occupational transmission is not high (0.09-0.3%), but it increases in case of percutaneous injuries caused by tools contaminated with infected blood, deep needle stick or direct contact of an infected needle with artery or vein. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of the study was to determine the epidemiology of HIV infections among health care workers in the Silesian voivodeship, in the years 1999-2006 and the conditions of occupational exposure. Data on occupational exposure, collected by the Center for AIDS Diagnosis and Therapy in Chorzów, were analyzed. RESULTS: During the study period, 789 cases of occupational exposure to HIV in the medical staff were documented. In the exposed group women predominated (78.9%). In the occupational group under study, nurses made 65% and physicians 17.5%. Needles were the most frequent (75.2%) source of exposure during injections and left hand fingers (thumb and index finger) were the major targets. Post-exposure prophylaxis with antiretroviral medications was introduced in about 60% of cases (499/789). No HIV transmission was registered. CONCLUSIONS: Nurses run the highest risk of occupational exposure to HIV, usually related with injections. There is a need to continue education in postexposure prophylaxis addressed to medical staff. The development of a standard questionnaire and its practical use could be very useful in monitoring occupational exposure. SN - 0465-5893 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20677431/[Occupational_exposure_to_HIV_in_health_care_workers_Silesia_voivodeship]_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/9735 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -