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Attachment and emotion in school-aged children.
Emotion. 2010 Aug; 10(4):475-85.E

Abstract

One of the primary functions of the attachment behavioral system is to regulate emotional experience under conditions of threat. Although research supports this association among infants and adults, few studies examine the relation between emotion and attachment in middle childhood. This study examined the concurrent associations among children's attachment organization and three indices of emotion reactivity/regulation: self- and parent-assessments of emotion, neuroendocrine reactivity, and fear-potentiated startle response. Ninety-seven 8- to 12-year-old children completed the Child Attachment Interview (CAI) and a fear-potentiated startle paradigm on separate occasions, with salivary cortisol assessed before and after each assessment. Greater attachment security was related to greater child-reported positive trait- and state-level emotion, lower pre-CAI cortisol levels, higher initial startle magnitude during threat, and a faster decrease in startle magnitude during threat. The findings provide initial support that attachment security is related to select measures of emotion, though different methods of assessment yielded discrepant findings. The findings are discussed in terms of their contribution to theory and research examining attachment and emotion.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Pomona College, Claremont, CA 91711, USA. Jessica.borelli@pomona.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20677865

Citation

Borelli, Jessica L., et al. "Attachment and Emotion in School-aged Children." Emotion (Washington, D.C.), vol. 10, no. 4, 2010, pp. 475-85.
Borelli JL, Crowley MJ, David DH, et al. Attachment and emotion in school-aged children. Emotion. 2010;10(4):475-85.
Borelli, J. L., Crowley, M. J., David, D. H., Sbarra, D. A., Anderson, G. M., & Mayes, L. C. (2010). Attachment and emotion in school-aged children. Emotion (Washington, D.C.), 10(4), 475-85. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018490
Borelli JL, et al. Attachment and Emotion in School-aged Children. Emotion. 2010;10(4):475-85. PubMed PMID: 20677865.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attachment and emotion in school-aged children. AU - Borelli,Jessica L, AU - Crowley,Michael J, AU - David,Daryn H, AU - Sbarra,David A, AU - Anderson,George M, AU - Mayes,Linda C, PY - 2010/8/4/entrez PY - 2010/8/4/pubmed PY - 2010/11/10/medline SP - 475 EP - 85 JF - Emotion (Washington, D.C.) JO - Emotion VL - 10 IS - 4 N2 - One of the primary functions of the attachment behavioral system is to regulate emotional experience under conditions of threat. Although research supports this association among infants and adults, few studies examine the relation between emotion and attachment in middle childhood. This study examined the concurrent associations among children's attachment organization and three indices of emotion reactivity/regulation: self- and parent-assessments of emotion, neuroendocrine reactivity, and fear-potentiated startle response. Ninety-seven 8- to 12-year-old children completed the Child Attachment Interview (CAI) and a fear-potentiated startle paradigm on separate occasions, with salivary cortisol assessed before and after each assessment. Greater attachment security was related to greater child-reported positive trait- and state-level emotion, lower pre-CAI cortisol levels, higher initial startle magnitude during threat, and a faster decrease in startle magnitude during threat. The findings provide initial support that attachment security is related to select measures of emotion, though different methods of assessment yielded discrepant findings. The findings are discussed in terms of their contribution to theory and research examining attachment and emotion. SN - 1931-1516 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20677865/Attachment_and_emotion_in_school_aged_children_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/emo/10/4/475 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -