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Imbalanced dietary profile, anthropometry, and lipids in urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults.
J Am Coll Nutr. 2010 Apr; 29(2):81-91.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To analyze the macronutrient, micronutrient, food intake pattern, anthropometry, and lipid profile of urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults and compare it with the nutrient profile of rural Asian Indian and American adolescents.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional, epidemiologic descriptive study. Body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, waist and hip circumferences, skinfold thickness, serum lipids, and dietary intake were assessed in 1236 subjects (607 males, 629 females) aged 13-25 years from schools and colleges of a metropolitan city of India.

RESULTS

The mean age and BMI of study subjects were 17.6 +/- 2.4 years (range 13-25 years) and 19.8 +/- 3.3 kg/m(2) (range 11.9-35.9 kg/m(2)), respectively. The mean daily percentages of total energy contributed by carbohydrates, total fats, proteins, saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), omega-3 PUFAs, omega-6 PUFAs, and trans-fatty acids for all subjects were 53%, 34%, 11%, 11%, 10%, 9%, 1%, 8%, and 0.3%, respectively. The absolute daily intake of total fat was 84 +/- 29 g/d in males and 72 +/- 21 g/d in females, which was approximately 4 times the recommended dietary allowance for Asian Indians (20-22 g/d). Among food groups, a high intake of milk, milk products, roots, and tubers was observed. In these young individuals, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (males > or =169 mg/dl; females > or =181 mg/dl) and overweight (BMI > or =23.1 kg/m(2)) was 14.4% and approximately 16%, respectively. On comparison with rural Asian Indian adolescents, an inappropriately high intake of total fat was observed in our subjects. On the other hand, the percentage of energy intake of SFAs in Asian Indian and American adolescents was at par.

CONCLUSIONS

High total fat and SFA intake and a low intake of MUFAs and omega-3 PUFAs showed imbalanced nutrition, which could be responsible for the increasing prevalence of obesity and insulin resistance in urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults. Nutritional strategies for reducing SFA intake and balancing the omega-3/omega-6 PUFAs ratio should be urgently applied in Asian Indian adolescents and are also presented in this paper.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Director and Head, Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, Fortis Flt. Lt. Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110070, INDIA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

20679142

Citation

Gupta, Nidhi, et al. "Imbalanced Dietary Profile, Anthropometry, and Lipids in Urban Asian Indian Adolescents and Young Adults." Journal of the American College of Nutrition, vol. 29, no. 2, 2010, pp. 81-91.
Gupta N, Shah P, Goel K, et al. Imbalanced dietary profile, anthropometry, and lipids in urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults. J Am Coll Nutr. 2010;29(2):81-91.
Gupta, N., Shah, P., Goel, K., Misra, A., Rastogi, K., Vikram, N. K., Kumari, V., Pandey, R. M., Kondal, D., Wasir, J. S., Bhardwaj, S., & Gulati, S. (2010). Imbalanced dietary profile, anthropometry, and lipids in urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults. Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 29(2), 81-91.
Gupta N, et al. Imbalanced Dietary Profile, Anthropometry, and Lipids in Urban Asian Indian Adolescents and Young Adults. J Am Coll Nutr. 2010;29(2):81-91. PubMed PMID: 20679142.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Imbalanced dietary profile, anthropometry, and lipids in urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults. AU - Gupta,Nidhi, AU - Shah,Priyali, AU - Goel,Kashish, AU - Misra,Anoop, AU - Rastogi,Kavita, AU - Vikram,Naval K, AU - Kumari,Vidya, AU - Pandey,Ravindra M, AU - Kondal,Dimple, AU - Wasir,Jasjeet S, AU - Bhardwaj,Swati, AU - Gulati,Seema, PY - 2010/8/4/entrez PY - 2010/8/4/pubmed PY - 2010/11/13/medline SP - 81 EP - 91 JF - Journal of the American College of Nutrition JO - J Am Coll Nutr VL - 29 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To analyze the macronutrient, micronutrient, food intake pattern, anthropometry, and lipid profile of urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults and compare it with the nutrient profile of rural Asian Indian and American adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, epidemiologic descriptive study. Body mass index (BMI), percentage body fat, waist and hip circumferences, skinfold thickness, serum lipids, and dietary intake were assessed in 1236 subjects (607 males, 629 females) aged 13-25 years from schools and colleges of a metropolitan city of India. RESULTS: The mean age and BMI of study subjects were 17.6 +/- 2.4 years (range 13-25 years) and 19.8 +/- 3.3 kg/m(2) (range 11.9-35.9 kg/m(2)), respectively. The mean daily percentages of total energy contributed by carbohydrates, total fats, proteins, saturated fatty acids (SFAs), monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), omega-3 PUFAs, omega-6 PUFAs, and trans-fatty acids for all subjects were 53%, 34%, 11%, 11%, 10%, 9%, 1%, 8%, and 0.3%, respectively. The absolute daily intake of total fat was 84 +/- 29 g/d in males and 72 +/- 21 g/d in females, which was approximately 4 times the recommended dietary allowance for Asian Indians (20-22 g/d). Among food groups, a high intake of milk, milk products, roots, and tubers was observed. In these young individuals, the prevalence of hypercholesterolemia (males > or =169 mg/dl; females > or =181 mg/dl) and overweight (BMI > or =23.1 kg/m(2)) was 14.4% and approximately 16%, respectively. On comparison with rural Asian Indian adolescents, an inappropriately high intake of total fat was observed in our subjects. On the other hand, the percentage of energy intake of SFAs in Asian Indian and American adolescents was at par. CONCLUSIONS: High total fat and SFA intake and a low intake of MUFAs and omega-3 PUFAs showed imbalanced nutrition, which could be responsible for the increasing prevalence of obesity and insulin resistance in urban Asian Indian adolescents and young adults. Nutritional strategies for reducing SFA intake and balancing the omega-3/omega-6 PUFAs ratio should be urgently applied in Asian Indian adolescents and are also presented in this paper. SN - 1541-1087 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/20679142/Imbalanced_dietary_profile_anthropometry_and_lipids_in_urban_Asian_Indian_adolescents_and_young_adults_ L2 - http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/07315724.2010.10719820 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -